162 Route 28. SAMSON. From Liege
29 M. Sclaigneaux is the station for Sclayn, a pretty village on
the opposite bank. At stat. Namlche, another pleasant village in the
midst of fruit-trees, the river is crossed by an iron bridge. On the
opposite bank lies Samson, a village at the foot of a beautiful white
cliff of limestone. Above Samson are situated a modern chateau and
the ruins of an ancient castle, believed to date from the 7th cent..
or an even earlier period. Near it, in 1858, was discovered a Fran-
conian burial-place, in which upwards of 250 skeletons with wea¬
pons and ornaments were found. A long breakwater here projects
into the river in order to deepen the navigable channel. The rocks
between Sclayn and Namur are not unlike the curious formations of
the 'Saxon Switzerland'. On the 1., farther on, rises the chateau
of Moisnil; then that of Brumagne, the property of Baron de Woel-
32 M. Stat. Marche-les-Dames, adjoining which are the iron¬
works of Enouf, is charmingly situated. The chateau of the Due
d'Aremberg, with its terraced gardens, peeping from amidst groups
of trees on the rocky slope, occupies the former site of an abbey.
founded in 1101 by 139 noble ladies, the wives of crusaders who
had accompanied Godfrey de Bouillon to the Holy Land.
371/2 M. Namur, see p. 131.
28. From Liege to Aix-la-Chapelle.
34>|2 31. Railway to Verviers (15'|8 31.) in 35—60 min. (fares 1 fr.
80, 1 fr. 35, 90 c.; express one-fourth higher); from Verviers to Aix-la-
Chapelle (19 31.) in 40—65 min. (fares 5 fr. 25, 3 fr. 75, 2 fr. 65 c). In
the reverse direction: express from Aix-la-Chapelle to Liege 6 3Iarks 20,
4 31. 40 Pfennings; from Cologne to Liege 13 31. 70, 9 31. 90 Pf.; from
Cologne to Brussels 21 31., 15 31. 40 Pf. (The German 3Iark, worth Is.
Engl., is divided into 100 Pfennings.) Carriages are generally changed at
Verviers, where there is a detention of 20 min. or more. — Herbesthal
is the Prussian frontier-station, where small articles of luggage are
examined; that in the luggage-van is not examined till the traveller
arrives at Aix-la-Chapelle (or at Cologne, if booked to, or beyond Cologne).
The country traversed by the line between Liege and the Prussian
frontier is remarkable for its picturesque scenery, busy manufactories,
and pretty country houses, while the engineering skill displayed in the
construction of the line is another object of interest. This part of the line.
24 31. in length, cost upwards of 25 million francs. The picturesque
stream which the line crosses so frequently is the Vesdre, and pleasant
glimpses of its wooded banks are obtained on both sides of the train.
The rock penetrated by most of the tunnels is a bluish limestone, fre¬
quently veined with quartz, and often used for building purposes. This
is the most beautiful part of the journey between England and Germany,
and should if possible be performed by daylight.
The Bekgisch-3Iarkisch Railway also has a line between Verviers and
Aix-la-Chapelle (1—1»/» hr.; fares 2 fr. 85, 2 fr. 15, 1 fr. 50 c.; or 2 31.
30, 1 31. 70, 1 31. 20 Pf.), on which no express trains run. It passes the
Eineburg, or Emmaburg, once a country-residence of Charlemagne, where
his secretary Eginhard is said to have become enamoured of the em¬
peror's daughter Emma, whom he afterwards married. In the vicinity of
the Emmaburg, on the Belgian and Prussian frontier, is situated the
neutral territory of Moresnet, a tract about 3 31. in length, and ' 2 31. in