to Mastricht. MASTRICHT. 26. Route. 157
the head-quarters of Louis XIV. when he besieged Mastricht in
1673. The train crosses the frontier and enters the Dutch province
1272 M. Stat. Eysden, with the Dutch custom-house and an
aid chateau, is situated amidst fruit-trees and luxuriant pastures.
Stat. Gronsveld. On the opposite bank of the Meuse are seen
the sandstone rocks of the Petersberg, rising about 330 ft. above
the river, on the N. slopes of which the citadel comes into view.
19 M. Mastricht, the station of which is in the suburb of
Wijk, on the r. bank,of the Meuse.
Mastricht. "Hotel do Levkiee, or Hasenwind ('greyhound'), in the
Boschstraat; Zwaete Akend, or Aigle Noik, a good second-class inn,
ipposite the Levrier; De Eikenboom, also in the Boschstraat, near the
market; Manuel's Hotel and restaurant, near the Petersthor and the
jhurch of Notre Dame, unpretending. These inns are all at a considerable
listance from the river. — Guide to the caverns, including two lamps,
5 fr. — Carriage from Mastricht to the upper entrance to the galleries 6 fr.
Mastricht (Maas- Trecht, Trajectum ad Mosam) , the Trajectum
Superius of the Romans, the capital of the Dutch part of the pro¬
vince of Limburg, with 28,741 inhab., lies on the 1. bank of the
Meuse, and is connected with the suburb of Wijk on the r. bank
by means of a bridge of nine arches, built in 1683. It was formerly
me of the strongest fortresses in Europe, but is no longer used for
military purposes. The Citadel is situated on the 1. bank of the
Meuse, on the N. slope of the Petersberg.
Mastricht was besieged by the Spaniards, under the Duke of
Parma, during four months, in 1579. The garrison consisted of
1000 soldiers (French, English, and Scotch), 1200 of the towns¬
people, and 2000 peasants from the environs. Notwithstanding the
tenfold numerical superiority of the Spaniards, they were repulsed
nine times by the sallies of the intrepid defenders. At length,
greatly reduced in numbers, and exhausted by famine, the garrison
was compelled to succumb ,• although the defence was obstinately
continued even after the besiegers had entered the town. The
victors wreaked their vengeance on the ill-fated burghers with
savage cruelty. The greater part of the population , which is said
to have comprised 10,000 weavers alone (?), perished by fire and
sword, or in the waters of the Meuse. The value of the spoil was
estimated at upwards of a million ducats, but the success of the
Spaniards was purchased by a sacrifice of 8000 men.
The fortress has sustained numerous other sieges, three of which
are especially memorable and terminated with its capitulation, viz.
that of 1632 by Prince Henry of Orange, that of 1673 by Louis
XIV., and that of 1748 by the French under Marshal Saxe. Mas¬
tricht was the only town in the S. part of the Netherlands which
was successfully maintained by the Dutch against the Belgian
insurgents after the eventful month of September, 1830.