236 III. Southern Quarters. ROME. a. The Capitol;
Bust of Michael Angelo, said to be by himself. — Va. Room, a small
room, with relics of Garibaldi, weapons, garlands, banners, letters, etc.
— VI. Room, formerly the assembly-hall of the Senate. The frieze, repre¬
senting scenes from the life of Scipio Africanus, is attributed to Ann. Car¬
racci. On the walls is tapestry woven at San Michele (p. 361).
B. ""Capitoline Museum.
This museum was founded by Innocent X., and extended by
Clement XII., Benedict XIV., Clement XIII., and Pius VI. The
works carried off by the French were restored with few exceptions
to Pius VII. The collection is much smaller than that of the Vatican,
but is rich in admirable works. Admission, seepp. 140, 141. Catalogue,
prepared for the Commissione Archeologica Municipale in 1883
(2nd ed., 1888 ; 3 fr.). Comp. Helbig, Antiquities in Rome, vol. i,
Ground Floor. — In the centre of the Court (Cortile) : in front,
above the fountain is the so-called *Marforio, a colossal river-god,
probably representing the Rhine or Danube, erected in the middle
ages in the Via di Marforio opposite the Career Mamertinus, where
it was employed as a vehicle for the sarcastic answers to the inter¬
rogatories of Pasquino (see p. 217). By the wall, to the right and
left of the Marforio: Figures of Pan, two architectonic support¬
ing-figures found in the Piazza dei Satiri, on the site of the or¬
chestra of Pompey's Theatre (p. 220). Among the other sculptures
here, most of which are unimportant, are two Egyptian Lions of
basalt (formerly at the foot of the steps of the Capitol), two Granite
Columns with reliefs, and (44, 51) two Cynocephali (dog-faced ba¬
boons) in basalt, all from the Temple of Isis near Sant' Ignazio (p. 194).
Corridor (PL 4) on the groundfloor. To the left of the
entrance: 4. Colossal statue of Athena (period of Phidias); Sarco¬
phagus with Bacchanalian representations, purposely mutilated.
At the end of this corridor, to the right: 21. Lower part of statue
of a barbarian in pavonazzetto, originally on the attioa of the Arch
of Constantine (p. 259). Here also is the entrance to the —
I. Room (PL 1). In the centre is an altar with a sacrifice to the
lares, erected by the superintendents of a Roman district (Vicus
iEsculeti), found in 1888 near the Ponte Garibaldi. On the walls
are several ancient mosaics, one of which (No. 28) represents a
harbour. The life-size figures of animals on the right wall, in opus
sectile, a kind of mosaic in coloured marble resembling modern
Florentine work, were brought from the basilica of Junius Bassus,
which stood behind Sant' Antonio Abbate (p. 174) and was known
until the close of the 15th cent, as the church of Sant' Andrea.
Above the door of the 2nd room: 14. Cupids binding a lion, with
Hercules in female attire in the background. By the door, under
glass, is (27) a mosaic representing the rising of the Nile. — In the
II. Room (PI. 2) are two Sarcophagi, found in 1889 in the Prati di