Pal. of the Conservatori. ROME. III. Southern Quarters. 231
of Anjou, King of Sicily (till 1870 in the large Hall of the Capitol),
who was senator of Rome in 1263-66, 1268-78, and 1281-84.
On each side of the Staircase are Roman inscriptions built into
the wall, most of which were found on the Esquiline. — Built into
the walls on the first landing are four noteworthy reliefs, three of
them from a monument of M. Aurelius, found near Santa Martina in
the Forum: on the right, 44. Sacrifice in front of the Capitoline
temple; on the long wall, 43. Entry of the emperor ; 42. Pardon of
conquered enemies. The fourth relief (41. Reception of an emperor
by Roma at a triumphal arch) was found in the Piazza Sciarra, and
perhaps belonged to a monument of Hadrian's period. Also votive
inscriptions and reliefs dedicated by Gallic, Thracian, and other
foreign soldiers in the Praetorian guards to their native deities (found
mainly in 1873-74 near the Praetorian camp, p. 158). — On the
second landing: Reliefs from the triumphal arch mentioned on
p. 190, representing (right) an emperor making an oration and (left)
the apotheosis of an empress. The heads of the chief figures are
restorations, with the exception of the chin of the emperor in the
relief on the left, which indicates him as Hadrian (not Marcus Aure¬
lius or Antoninus Pius). The empress, therefore, must be either the
adoptive mother or the wife of Hadrian (i. e. either Plotina or Sabina).
On the left is the entrance to the collections described below.
We turn to the left, traverse two rooms with modern lists of
Roman magistrates and busts of heroes of the Italian struggle for
independence, and enter a long corridor containing the so-
called Protomoteca, a collection of busts of celebrated Italians
(especially in the domains of science and art), the nucleus of which
was formed by the busts removed from the Pantheon in 1820 by
order of Pius VII. To the right of the entrance is a bust of Pius VII.
by Canova; a^the end of the corridor is a monument to Canova by
L. Fabris. Several eminent foreigners have also been admitted : e.g.
(1.) Winckelmann, Angelica Kauffmann, and Raphael Mengs, (r.)
Poussin. On the walls are old plans and views of Rome and a
painting by Aldi representing the last hours of the independence
of Siena. — The second door to the right in this passage is the
entrance to the New Capitoline Museum.
The "New Capitoline Collection contains chiefly bronzes and
the antiques found during the construction of the new streets of
the E. quarter of the city, which became municipal property (p. 160).
Comp. Helbig, Antiquities in Rome, vol. I, pp. 400-464.
I. Room of the Bronze Utensils. Bronze Chariot, with re¬
presentations in relief; Sofa with arms (erroneously restored), with
inlaid silver work, found at the ancient Amiternum; Litter, inlaid
with silver. Along the walls are smaller bronzes, including a Herma¬
phrodite, from whose back, springs an arabesque (fountain-figure).
— The door in front of us leads to the —