f. Villa Borghese. ROME. /. TV. and E. Hills. 181
ciana, however, cabs pay 25 c. and pedestrians 5 c. even on otherwise free
days and whether entering or leaving. Cyclists pay 25 c.—The antiquities
in the Villa di Papa Giulio (p. 187) are also well worth a visit.
The Villa Borghese extends to the N. of the city, immediately
outside the walls. The principal (W.) entrance is to the right, just
outside the Porta del Popolo (PI. I, 16 ; p. 147) ; a small tramway
(10 c.) plies thence to the Diorama (see below). The E. entrance is
just outside the Porta Pinciana (PL I, 20, 23; p. 156).
The *Villa Borghese (PI. I, 16, 19, 20, 22), founded in the first
half of the 17th cent, by Card. Scipio Borghese, nephew of Pius V.,
and afterwards enlarged by the addition of the Giustiniani gardens,
is now the property of Prince Don Paolo Borghese. The beautiful
grounds contain a number of ornamental erections, small temples,
artificial ruins, fountains, antique statues, inscriptions, etc., the
more important of which are marked on our plan. Near the W. en¬
trance are the remains of the so-called Villa of Raphael (destroyed
in the war of 1849); farther up, to the right of a fountain with a
statue of Aesculapius, a large Gateway in the Egyptian style; and a
green-house above a small Diorama ('Vanished Rome'; adm. 25 c).
To the left is the Giardino del Lago, formerly the private garden
of the prince, now a small zoological garden (25 c). Farther on is
an Amphitheatre, known as the 'Piazza di Siena', where popular
festivals are occasionally held; etc. — In the E. part of the grounds,
to the right of the entrance near the Porta Pinciana, is an arch with
a Statue of Apollo. To the left is a dairy. — In the N. part of the
villa are the so-called Mediaeval Castle and an imitation of the
Temple of Faustina, with copies of ancient inscriptions.
The Casino (PL I, 22) of the Villa Borghese, which was rebuilt
by Marcantonio Borghese in 1782 (view of its 17th cent, appearance
in the second room on the upper floor), contains a considerable col¬
lection of sculptures in the rooms of the groundfloor (indicated by
Roman numerals on the annexed plan), while those of the upper floor
(Arabic numerals) now contain the picture gallery removed from the
Palazzo Borghese (p. 205). The decorations are partly by Gavin Hamil¬
ton, David Moore, and J. P. Hackaert. Admission, see pp. 140, 141.
The Borghese Collection of Antiques was founded about 1820
to replace an earlier collection purchased by Napoleon I. and sent
to the Louvre. It consists largely of objects discovered on the Bor¬
ghese estates. Some of the chief objects have been sold to foreign
collectors within the last few years. Comp. Helbig, Antiquities in
Rome, vol. ii, pp. 129-160.
I. Vestibule ('Atrio'). On the narrow walls : vn. (1.) and xxv.
(r.), and on the back-wall, x. three reliefs from a triumphal arch of
Claudius that once stood in the Corso near the Palazzo Sciarra,
erected, according to an inscription, inA.D. 51-52 by the senate and
people in memory of the victories in Britain. — To the left, vm.
Torso of Pallas, a copy of the Parthenos of Phidias (p. xlviii).