to the Forum Romanum. ROME. I. TV. and E. Hills. 179
of the 13th century. Above it an ancient fresco of the Madonna between the
sisters. — The Sacristt, at the end of the left aisle, contains a Scourg¬
ing by Giulio Romano.
The former main entrance of Santa Prassede is in the Via San
Mautino ai Monti, on the S. side of the church, a side-street diverg¬
ing from the Via Merulana (p. 173) not far from the church of Sant'
Alfonso de' Liguori (p. 174). In this street, to the right, a tablet
marks the house (No. 20) in which Domenichino lived. The Via
San Martino ends at the Via dello Statuto , which begins at the
Piazza Vittorio Emanuele (p. 174) and is continued by the Via
Giovanni Lanza to the W. as far as the Via Cavour. Opposite the
end of the Via San Martino, a short flight of steps ascends to the
church of —
San Martino ai Monti (PL II, 26), erected by Symmachus about
the year 500, adjacent to the Baths of Trajan and to an old church of
Pope Sylvester I. It was rebuilt in 844 by Sergius II. and Leo IV.,
gorgeously modernised about 1650. and again restored quite recently.
The Interior, a basilica with a roof of straight beams, contains 24
antique marble columns. In the S. aisle are six fine frescoes by Gasp. Pous¬
sin, landscapes with scenes from the life of Elijah, the patron of the order
(marred by restoration). In the N. aisle six smaller landscapes, also in¬
teresting. Also two pictures representing the interior of the old churches
of the Lateran and of St. Peter. — The Presbtterium is eleven steps higher;
below is the Crtpt. From the latter we enter a large vault, probably once
belonging to Thermae, but at an early period converted into a church. The
vaulting bears traces of ancient painting. This is supposed to be the site
of Pope Sylvester's church, of the period of Constantine.
Behind the S. side of San Martino ai Monti runs the Via delle
Sette Sale, which derives its name from the Sette Sale (PL II, 26),
seven, or rather nine, parallel vaulted chambers on the top of the
Esquiline, which appear to have been used as reservoirs for the
Thermae of Titus (p. 259; accessible from the Pal. Field-Brancaccio,
p. 174). A little farther along this street to the W. is the church
of San Pietro in Vincoli (see below).
The wide Via Cavour (PI. II, 27, 26, 23; tramway No. 1 in the
Appx.), beginning at the railway-station, crosses the Piazza dell'
Esquilino (PL II, 27; p. 161), and after being joined by the Via
Giovanni Lanza (see above; tramway No. 3), bends to the W. and
leads direct to the Forum Romanum (p. 242). On the left, above
the street, is the church of San Francesco di Paola and on the right,
farther on, rises the Tor de' Conti (p. 263; comp. Plan, p. 260).
A flight of steps beside San Francesco di Paola leads up from the
Via Cavour through an archway to the piazza in front of San Pietro
in Vincoli (150 ft. above the sea-level). The old Franciscan mon¬
astery on the N. side of the piazza is now the Reale Istituto Tecnico.
To the W. rises a mediaeval tower, beside which is a fine palm-tree.
— The church of —
*San Pietro in Vincoli (PL II, 23) is also named Basilica Eudoxi-
ana after Eudoxia, wife of Valentinian IL, who founded the church