xxii CAFES, WINE-SHOPS, GiGAna.
Ostriche, oysters (good in winter only).
Dolce, sweet dish.
Zuppa inglese, a kind of trifle.
Frutta, Giardinetto, fruit, desert.
Pirsiche, Pesche, peaches.
Finocchio, root of fennel.
Pane Jrancese, bread made with yeast
[the Italian is made without).
Formaggio, cheese (Gorgonzola, Strac-
Cafes are frequented for breakfast and luncheon, and are often
crowded until a very late hour at night. In winter the tobacco-smoke
is frequently objectionable.
Caffe nero, or coffee without milk, is usually drunk (15-25c. per
cup). Caffe latte is coffee mixed with milk before being served (30-50 c.;
cappuccino, or small cup, cheaper); or caffe e latte, i.e. with the milk
served separately, may be preferred. Mischio is a mixture of coffee and
chocolate (20-30 c). Cioccolala, or chocolate, 30-50 c. Pane (a roll) 5 c.;
pasta (cake) 5-15 c.; bread and butter (pane e burro) 20 c. — The usual
viands for lunch (Colazione) are ham, sausages, cutlets, beefsteaks, and eggs.
Ices (gelato) of every possible variety are supplied at the cafes at
50-90c. per portion; or a half portion (mezza) may be ordered. Sorbetto,
or half-frozen ice, and Granita, iced-water (limonala, of lemons; aranciata
of oranges; di cafft, of coffee) are other varieties. Gassosa, aerated lem¬
onade, is frequently ordered. The waiter expects 5 c.
Newspapers (giornali). The principal Parisian newspapers are to be
found at all the larger cafes,English rarely. —Roman newspapers, seep. 142.
Wine Shops (osterie), especially at Rome (with the exception of
some of the better 'Tuscan wine-shops'), are a favourite haunt of
the lower classes. The rooms are generally dirty and uninviting.
Generally only wine is sold (nero, or at Rome rosso, red; bianco,
white; asciuito, dry ; pastoso, sweet), but bread and cheese may be
obtained at some of the osterie. Those who sup at a wine-shop must
bring their own eatables from a pizzicarolo, or dealer in comestibles.
The reputation of the osterie varies with the quality of the wine;
the number of customers is a good index of the latter.
In Tuscany the best wines (all red) are: Chianti (best Broglio), Rufina
(best Pommo). Nipozzano, Altomena, and Carmignano and Ahatico (sweet).
Orvieto and Montepulciano are white wines produced farther to the south.
— A 'fiasco' a straw-covered flask, usually holding three ordinary bottles,
is generally brought, but only the quantity consumed is paid for. Smaller
bottles may sometimes be obtained: mezzo fiasco O/2), quarto fiasco ('/il,
ottavino O/s); these must be bought outright.
In Rome the commonest wines, besides the Tuscan, are those of the
neighbourhood (Villi dei Castelli Romani), the favourites being Frascati
Marino, and Genzano. Wines of a better quality are sold in ordinary
corked and labelled bottles. Table-wine (vino da pasto) is served in open
flasks: V2 litre, 1111 mezzo lilro; l/i litre, un quarto; !/s litre, nn quinto or
bicchiere. The figures on the outside of the shops (6, 7, 8, etc.) indicate
the price per '/a 'it™ m soldi. In shops outside the town, the wine is
very cheap and often excellent.
Cigars (sfgari) in Italy are a monopoly of Government and
bad. The commonest home-made cigars are Conchas and Trabucos
(20 c); Minghetti (15c); Virginia (strong; 7'/2, 12, or 15 <..).