themselves, as a great many stations of the Club Alpino Italiano +
have recently been established for the purpose of rendering the Apen¬
nines more accessible to travellers. Cool and clear weather should
if possible be selected, and the scirocco carefully avoided. The
height of summer is of course unsuitable for tours of this kind.
Biding. A horse (cavallo) or donkey (asino, somaro), between
which the difference of expense is slight, will often be found service¬
able, especially in mountainous districts. The attendant (pedone)
acts as a guide for the time being. Animals are provided for the use
of ladies also. The charges are moderate. A previous bargain should
be made, tutto compreso, a gratuity being added if the traveller is
satisfied. The donkey-drivers have an unpleasant habit of inciting
their animals to the top of their speed when passing through a town
or village, and it is as well to warn them beforehand that their 'mancia'
will suffer if they do not go quietly through the streets.
(Communicated by IF. CMeara, Manager of C. T. C. Touring Bureau.)
Central Italy is not so well adapted to cycling as the N. regions.
The roads are not so good as those about the Lakes or in the Ve-
neto; the climate, too, is less favourable. Still there is consider¬
able utility to be derived from one's wheel, especially in Tuscany.
Most English cyclists visit the country in the winter months, but
it is quite feasible to ride in August and September, or in May and
June, provided one takes the precaution of riding early and late,
resting during the hotter portions of the day. The landscape is in¬
finitely prettier than in winter.
In the winter months, provided the weather is dry, one can ride
almost anywhere in perfect comfort, as far as the roads are concerned.
In the warmer months the chief objection to the roads is the dust.
This makes it absolutely necessary to have a gear-case, as otherwise
one's chain is sure to become clogged. The cyclist's clothing should
be all-wool and not too thin; the great difference in temperature
makes the nights often feel chilly by comparison. When the sun is
strong it is perhaps advisable to wear a white calico hat with very
broad brim; and to protect one's eyes from dust, insects, and the
glare of the sun it is prudent to wear goggles with coloured glasses.
The machine should, of course, have a good brake and also a power¬
ful lamp, for it is often pleasant to ride at dusk, when the heat of
the day is over.
As regards the question of personal security, it is difficult to
say anything precise. Cautious riders will not venture in the in-
t The headquarters of the Roman section are at Via del Collegio Ro¬
mano 26, where information as to ascents in the Apennines is willingly
given to members of foreign alpine clubs. The Guida della Provincia di
Roma, by E. Abbate (Rome, 1891; 6 fr.), published on behalf of the club,
is recommended for walking-tours among the mountains.
Baedeker. Italy II. 13th Edition. b