Passports. Custom House. Luggage ....
Intercourse with Italians. Gratuities. Guides
Public Safety. Begging........
Hotels. Pensions. Private Apartments ....
Climate of Rome. Health .... ...
History of Rome. List of Roman Emperors and Popes
, Mediaeval and Modern Roman Art.....
'Thou art the garden of the world, the home
Of all Art yields, and Nature can decree;
E'en in thy desert, what is like to thee?
Thy very weeds are beautiful, thy waste
More rich than other climes' fertility,
Thy wreck a glory, and thy ruin graced
With an immaculate charm which cannot be defaced.'
I. Travelling Expenses. Money.
Expenses. The cost of a tour in Italy depends of course on the
traveller's resources and habits, but, as already stated in the first
part of this Handbook, it need not exceed that incurred in the
more frequented parts of the Continent. The average expenditure of
a single traveller may be estimated at 20-25 francs per day, or at 10-
15 francs when a prolonged stay is made at one place ; but persons
acquainted with the language and habits of the country may easily
restrict their expenses to still narrower limits. Those who travel as
members of a party also effect a considerable saving. "When ladies
are of the party the expenses are generally greater.
Money. The French monetary system is now in use throughout
the whole of Italy. The franc (lira or franco) contains 100 centesimi;
1 fr. 25c. = Is. = 1 German mark (comp. the money-table at p. ii).
The gold and silveT coins of France, Switzerland, Greece, and Bel¬
gium circulate in Italy; but the Italian silver coins of 1894 (with