distance travellers only. The mail-trains are called Trent Direttissimi
(1st and 2nd class only; sometimes with dining and sleeping cars), and
the ordinary expresses Trent Diretti. The Trent Acceleratt are somewhat
faster than the Treni Omnibus. The Treni Misti are composed partly
of passenger-carriages, partly of goods-waggons. Among the expressions
with which the railway-traveller will soon become familiar are— 'fare
il biglietto' (to take a ticket), 'pronti' (ready), 'partenza' (departure), 'si
cambia treno' (change carriages), 'essere in coincidenza' (to make con¬
nection), and 'uscita' (egress). The station-master is called 'capostazione';
the guard 'conduttore'. Smoking-compartments are labelled 'pei fumatori',
those for non-smokers 'vietato di fumare'.
The best Time Table is the Orario Ufficiale, published monthly
by the Fratelli Pozzo at Turin and Rome (price 1 fr.; smaller
editions at 80 c, 50 c, and 20 c). — Railway time is that of Central
Tickets. In the larger towns it is better, when possible, to
take the tickets at the town-agency (agenzia di cittd) of the railway.
At stations the traveller will find it convenient to have as nearly as
possible the exact fare ready in his hand. 'Mistakes' are sometimes
made by the ticket-clerks. In addition to the fare proper there is
a tax of 5 c. on each ticket. — It is important to be at the station
early. The booking-office at large stations is open 40min., at small
stations 20 min. before the departure of the trains. Holders of
tickets are alone entitled to enter the waiting-rooms (no smoking
allowed). At the end of the journey tickets are given up at the
uscita. — Holders of tickets for distances over 124 M. may break
the journey once, those with tickets for over 310 M. twice; but the
ticket must be shown to the capostazione on leaving the train, and
again presented at the ticket-office to be stamped before the journey
Return Tickets (biglietti di andata-ritorno) for distances up
to 100 kilometres (62 M.) are valid for one day only, up to 200 kil.
for two days, up to 300 kil. for three days, and beyond 300 kil. for
four days. But those issued on Sat. and the eves of festivals are
available for three, those issued on Sun. and festivals for two days
at least. These tickets do not allow the journey'to be broken.
Circular Tour Tickets. The regulations affecting circular tours
in Italy resemble those in force in France, Belgium, Germany, and
other continental countries. The Orario Ufficiale (see above) contains
a list of separate journeys or stages, which may be combined by the
traveller to suit himself (biglietti a itinerario combinabile). For
some of the more popular circular tours tickets (books of coupons)
are kept in readiness by the railway companies (biglietti combinati).
Order-forms for these tickets may be obtained at any of the more
important stations in Italy, and, when filled up, should be forwarded,
along with a fee of 1 fr., to the station whence the ticket is to be
issued. Such tickets are not issued for distances under 400 kil.
(248 M.). Those for 400-800 kil. are valid for 15 days; for 800-
2000 kil, for 30 days; for 2-3000 kil. for 45 days; beyond that dis-