282 Route 51.
*H Duomo, commenced in the 12th cent., completed by Gio¬
vanni Pisano in the 14th, is a structure in the Tuscan Gothic
style, with facade of 1450, the gallery of which was adorned by
Donatello with sculptures. From this gallery the highly revered
Sacra Cintola, or 'girdle of the Virgin' which is preserved in the
cathedral, is periodically exhibited to the people. Over the
principal entrance a Madonna with SS. Stephen and Lawrence in
terracotta, by Luca della Robbia.
By the principal entrance the Virgin delivering the girdle to St.
Thomas, by Rhidolfo Ghirlandajo, the guardian angel by Carlo Dici. In the
interior: "Cappella della Cintola, adorned with mural paintings
by Agnolo Gaddi (1395), from the life of the Virgin, and her statue on the
altar, by Giovanni Pisano. In the choir, at the back of the high altar, are
the "histories of John the Baptist and St. Stephen by Era Filippo; r. the
"Death of St. Bernard, by the same master. Fine round "p u 1 p i t, resting
on sphinxes and snakes, by Mino da Fiesole, adorned with admirable re¬
liefs. — The campanile, in the Lombard style, is by Giovanni Pisano.
Madonna delle Career!, erected in 1492 by Giuliano da San
Gallo, is in the form of a Greek cross, surmounted by a dome,
containing a fine altar by Antonio da San Gallo, brother of the
architect. •—*S. Domenico, of the 13th cent., possesses paintings
by Fra Filippo. — *S. Francesco contains (in the hall of the
Chapter) mural paintings by Niccol'o Petri.
The Palazzo della Comunita and the Casa del Cancelliere
contain paintings by Filippo Lippi.
About 2 M. to the N. W. of the stat. rise the hills of Monleferrato,
which those who have leisure should visit. A short distance farther is
Fig line, with serpentine - quarries, yielding the stone known as Verde di
Prato, which has been employed in architecture for centuries. About 3 M.
farther are the copper-smelting works of La Briglia, successfully carried
on by English proprietors.
Beyond Prato the train proceeds to stat. Calenzano,' Sesto
(1. is La Doccia, a villa of the Marchese Ginori, with porcelain
manufactory, at the base of Monte Morello, p. 286), Castello (near
it is La Petraja, a royal villa, celebrated flower-gardens, p. 329),
Rifredi, and Florence.
Arrival. There are two railway-stations at Florence: 1. Stazione Cen-
trale (PI. C, 2, 3) for all the railways, where omnibuses from most of the
hotels meet every train (1—1'|2 ir.); fiacre 1 fr., at night l'|2 fr., each box
50, travelling-bag 25 c, trifling gratuity to railway porter. 2. Stazione Porta
Croce (PI. G, 4), where the trains of the Roman line stop, too far from the
middle of the town for most travellers.
Hotels. In the Lung' Arno , best situation : "I t a 1 i a (PI. a, formerly
Palazzo Murat), "Hotel de la Paix (PI. c), "New York (PI. b), Hotel
de la Ville (PI. 1), "Gran Bretagna; charges in all: R. 3, L. 1, A 1,
D. 5, omnibus l'|2, pension 10 fr.; Vittoria (PI. k), Arno (PI. m),
"Washington (PL 1), these three a degree less expensive. — In the new
quarter near theCascine: "Universo, Corso Vitt. Emanuele; Corona
d'I tali a, Via Palestro ; Anglo-American, Via Garibaldi 7; "Pension
Thuillier (PI. s), Via Garibaldi 5, quiet, 8 fr. per diem. — In the Via
Tornabuoni: Hotel duNord; H. de l'Europe; "H. Suisse (PI. r)
R. from 2i|2, D. 4 fr., patronized by French visitors; near it, Ville de