51. Route. Ill
by his own nanaj ana early specimens of printing. The Archives
also contain several curiosities.
Those who have a few hours at their disposal should devote
them to a * Walk round the ramparts, which afford a succession
of pleasant views of the town with its numerous towers, and of
the beautiful mountains in the vicinity. In the grounds on the
N. side stands the monument of Charles III. of Spain, erected
by his granddaughter the Duchess Marie Louise, in 1822. (Near
it the Caffe di Marte).
The environs of Lucca are delightful and afford favourite sites for villas,
many of which are let to strangers. They are generally well fitted up, but
in summer hot and destitute of shade.
The stranger should visit the (&I2M.) royal "Villa di Marlia, surrounded
by beautiful grounds, points of view, etc. , resembling Marly at Paris
(whence the name); also a Greek chapel with old paintings etc. (permission
must be obtained at Lucca).
On the road to Viareggio, about 6 M. to the W., near the Lake of
Massaciuccoli, are situated the Roman ruins known as the "Bagni di
Nerone, with beautiful environs. The Aqueduct to the S. of Lucca, with
its 459 arches, recalling the Campagna of Rome, is worthy of inspection.
The Baths of Lucca, known in the middle ages, about 12 M. distant
from the town (diligence and omnibus several times daily in 2i|2 hrs., fare
3 fr.; carr. 15 fr.), are situated to the N. in a mountainous district, on the
small river Lima. An excursion there and back may easily be accomplished
in one day if Lucca be quitted at an early hour. The town is quitted by
the Porta Sta. Maria. The road leads N. by the bank of the Serchio, the
impetuous water of which is confined between lofty embankments. The
road to the beautiful Villa Marlia (see above) diverges to the r. The Serchio
is then crossed by the bridge of Mariano, decorated with figures of saints,
and a charming hilly district is traversed. The road passes the villages of
Seslo, Val D'Ottavo, and Diecimo , crosses the Devil's Bridge , said to have
been constructed by Castruccio in 1322, and enters the valley of the Lima,
on both banks of which roads lead to the baths. About 3 M. farther is the
prosperous village of Ponte a Serraglio, with hotels (Europa; "Croce di
Malta), post-office (letters arrive daily between June 1st and Sept. 30th from
Lucca at 10 a. m. and are despatched at 4. 30 p. m.), casino, ball-rooms, etc.
Here too the principal baths are situated. There are also warm springs at
Villa, Bernabb, Docce Basse, Bagni Caldi, and S. Giovanni (85—130° Fahr.).
Of these Bernabo (so called from a native of Pistoja who was restored to
health here in the 16th cent.) is most recommended. The valley of the
Lima is cool and well shaded, affording healthy and delightful quarters for
the summer. Many beautiful excursions may be made among the neigh¬
bouring mountains, thus to the bridge Delia Maddalena, to the village of
Lugliano, to the old watch-tower Bargilio, affording a magnificent prospect
in clear weather. The arrangements for the accommodation of visitors,
pensions (5 fr. a day and upwards, children and servants one-half, at Pag-
nini's and others), carriages, horses, donkeys, shops, etc. resemble those of
Interlaken, although on a smaller scale. Messrs. Carina and Giorgi are
two of the principal physicians. The best and quietest apartments are at
the Bagni alia Villa and the Bagni Caldi, the most cheerful at Ponte a Ser-
' raglio, which is the central point of the various establishments , and the
usual evening resort of the visitors. The casino, or Ridolti, stands on an
eminence in the vicinity. Near it is the Nuovo Ospedale, erected by the
Russian Prince Nicholas Demidoff.
The railway from Lucca to Pistoja at first traverses the plain
to the E. ; at a short distance to the S. lies the Lago di
Bientina (p. 260), Stat, Porcari; then Altopascio, where the