OSIMO. 45. Route. 245
sept contains the * Sarcophagus of Titus Gorgonius,' Prjctor of
Ancona, and other Christian antiquities; in the other transept
are the tombs of St. Cyriacus, Marcellinus, and Liberius. —
Within a house in the vicinity arc scanty remains of a Roman
amphitheatre. — The churches of S. Francesco (PI. 9) and S.
Agostino also possess Gothic porticoes. The Romanesque portico
of 8. Maria della Piazza (PI. 11) is a still finer structure.
Tn the Piazza Maggiore or di 8. Domenico stands a marble statue
of Pope Clement XII. (Corsini, 1730—40), the greatest benefactor
of the town. The Loggia de' Mercanti (Exchange), designed by
Tibaldi, has a Moorish aspect.
The still unfinished Corso Vittorio Emanuele extends towards
the K. from the piazza of the theatre, terminating in the spa¬
cious Piazza Cavour, which was embellished in 1868 with a
colossal statue of the minister.
The height above the railway affords a pleasing survey of the
town and harbour.
Excursions from Ancona. The Province of Ancona, the
ancient Picenum, is a remarkably fertile district, replete with
beautiful scenery. The Apennines send forth a series of parallel
spurs towards the sea, forming a number of short, but picturesque
valleys. The towns and villages are invariably situated conspi¬
cuously on the heights. To the W. the view is bounded by the
Central Apennines, which here attain their greatest elevation in
several continuous ranges, from the Montagna della Sibilla to the
Gran Sasso a"Italia, and are covered with snow till July. To¬
wards the E. glitters the broad Adriatic, on which numerous
picturesque sails are visible in clear weather, a contrast which
constitutes the principal charm of the views on the E. coast
On the coast to the S. of Ancona, rises the *Monte Gonero
(1763 ft.), with a venerable Camaldulensian monastery, com¬
manding a superb panorama. Distance about 91/q M. A tolerable
road skirting the heights on the coast is followed nearly to
(7'/2 M.) Sirolo (2000 inhab.), and a path then ascends to the
top of the hill in 2/4 hr. A carr. (see p. 244) may be taken as
far as the foot of the hill.
The Ancona-Foggia Railway (fares to Recanati see p.
244) penetrates the heights which surround Ancona by means of
a tunnel. To the 1. rises the Monte Conero (see above). First
Osimo (Albergo della Corona, in the market-place; omnibus
from the station to the town, 3 M. distant, 60 c), the ancient
Auximum, constituted a Roman colony B. C. 144, and mentioned
by Caesar, is now a small country-town (pop. 15,000), situated
on a hill, in a naturally strong position. The greater part of
the *Town Wall, dating from the 2nd cent. B. C., is still