Academy. BOLOGNA. 43. Route. "l'6\
anatomical theatre, na'ural history collections, botanical garden,
and observatory). The Museum of Antiquities contains inscriptions,
sculptures etc. The extensive Library of 100,000 vols, is ac¬
cessible daily, except Sundays, 9—3 o'clock. The oldest of the
MSS. is that of Lactantius; also letters from Voltaire to Fred.
the Great, miniatures, etc. The celebrated linguist Giuseppe
Mezzofanti (born at Bologna 1776, cardinal under Pope Gregory XVI.
in 1837, died at Naples 1849), professor of Oriental languages at
the university, was once librarian here. At the age of 35 he
is said to have spoken 18 languages fluently, and at the period
of his death no fewer than 42. — The Archives comprise a number
of ancient documents on papyrus, the Codex Diplomaticus Bono-
niensis in 44 vols. etc. — The Tower commands a good survey
of the town.
Crossing the Via Zamboni the traveller next reaches the
*Accademia delle Belle Arti (PI. 39), established in the former
College of the Jesuits. It contains on the ground-floor col¬
lections of casts etc., and on the first floor a collection of
weapons (Oploteca), the latter comprising arms captured from the
Turks, Venetians, etc.; also a superb *Picture Gallery, or Pina-
eoteca, consisting chiefly of works of the Bolognese School (ac¬
cessible daily, 9—3 o'clock). Visitors ring. Catalogue (l1^ fr-)
unnecessary; fees prohibited.
1st Room (opposite the entrance): 82. Fr. Francia, Scene from the
life of Christ; also pictures by Guercino, the two Sirani, the Caracci, Mas-
sari, and Lavinia Fontana. — 2 n d R. : r. 37. Ann. Caracci, Madonna with
saints; 2. Albano, Baptism of Christ; "42. Lod. Caracci, Madonna with SS.
Dominicus, Francis, Clara, and Mary Magdalene, being portraits of members
of the Bargellini family, at whose cost the picture was painted; "206. Do-
menichino, Martyrdom of St. Agnes; "36. Ann. Caracci, Madonna with SS.
Lewis, Alexis, John the Baptist, Francis, Clara and Catharine; 35. Ag. Ca¬
racci, Assumption; 47. Lod. Caracci, Conversion of Paul; 183. Tiarini, Nup¬
tials of St. Catharine; 34. Ag. Caracci, Communion of St. Jerome; 46. Lod.
Caracci, Preaching of John the Baptist. — 3rd R. : r. 198. Giorgio Vasari,
Banquet of Gregory the Great, who here bears the features of Clement VII. ;
80. Fr. Francia, Madonna with SS. Augustine, Sebastian, and John the Bap¬
tist; 210. Youthful John, after Raphael; 26. Bugiardino, Nuptials of St.
Catharine; ""152. Raphael's St. Cecilia listening to the heavenly music
in an ecstatic trance, surrounded by SS. Paul, John, Augustine, and Mary
Magdalene. This exquisite picture (which should be viewed from some dis¬
tance), the gem of the collection, was painted for the chapel of the Benti¬
vogli in S. Giovanni in Monte (p. 230). It was at Paris, 1796—1815. A
duplicate figure of the saint alone was purchased some years ago by the
King of Bavaria. 133. Bagnacavallo, Holy Family; 81. Fr. Francia, Ma¬
donna and saints adoring the Child; "78. Fr. Francia, Madonna with SS.
Augustine, Sebastian, John the Baptist, etc., painted in 1490; 197. Perugino,
Madonna in glory with Saints; 79. Fr. Francia, Madonna with John the
Baptist and St. Augustine; 90. Innocenzo da Imola, Holy Family; 89. Inn.
da Imola, The Archangel Michael conquering the dragon, with SS. Peter
and Augustine. — 4th R.: "137. Guido Reni, Samson victorious over the
Philistines; 12. Guercino, William of Aquitaine receiving the robe of the
Order of St. Felix; "136. Guido Reni, Crucifixion ('Cristo dei Cappuccini',
the high altar of whose church it formerly adorned), one of his finest works ;
208. Domenichino, Martyrdom of St. Peter; "134. Guido Reni, Madonna della
Pieta , below are St. Petronius . Carlo Borromeo, Dominicus, Francis , and