Biblioteca Ambrosiana. MILAN. 19. Route. 119
back the Coronation of Mary, at the sides Crucifixion and Entombment;
above is the equestrian statue of the prince, with traces of gilding. Re¬
cumbent statue of Gaston de Foix (d. 1512, see p. 256), by Agostino Busti,
surnamed II Bambaja. Marble door attributed to Michelozzo. — An annual
exhibition of art also takes place here, generally in September.
The celebrated Biblioteca Ambrosiana (PI. 3), open 10—3
o'clock (fee to the library-attendant 1 fr., to the custodian of the
pictures 1 fr.; picture-gallery, or Pinacoieca, open to the public
on Wednesdays 10—Wf%, entrance from the reading-room), con¬
tains 60,000 vols, and 15,000 MSS. and palimpsests, or codices
rescripti, some of them very valuable. The library was founded
in 1609 by the archbishop Cardinal Fed. Borromeo, to whom a
statue was erected in front of the building in 1865.
Codice Atlantico, i. e. original drawings and MSS. of Leonardo da
Vinci; Virgil with marginal notes by Petrarch; a number of miniatures;
letters of 8. Carlo Borromeo, Tasso, Galileo, Liguori, etc. Then, Christ
crowned with thorns, al fresco, Bernardino Luini; Cupid in marble, R. Scha-
dow; several reliefs and bust of Byron by Thorwaldsen; mosaics, coins,
old woodcuts, and drawings by celebrated masters. On the walls above
about 60 oil-paintings: Guido Reni, Christ on the Cross; Titian, Adoration
of the Magi; old copy of Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper; Spinning girl,
marble statue by Schadow; Eve, Barocci; Raphael's cartoon for his School
of Athens, and the cartoon for the battle of Constantine, a fragment; Bea¬
trice d'Este, by Leonardo da Vinci, also drawings by him; three studies
for Michael Angela's Last Judgment; cartoon for a Sposalizio (see p. 118)
by Gaudenzio Ferrari; Luca d'Olanda (Lucas of Leyden), Adoration of the
Magi; Raph. Mengs, Portrait of Pope Clement XIII.; models of obelisks
and Trajan's Column at Rome. In the court Rom. inscriptions. — Fine
stained glass by Jose Bertini (p. 116).
The Ospedale Maggiore (PI. 46), a vast and remarkably fine
brick structure, commenced 1457, contains no fewer than 9 courts.
The principal court is extensive and surrounded by arcades. The
entire edifice is covered externally with terra cotta, in a style
frequently observed in other Milanese buildings.
The Castle (PI. C, 4, 5), once a residence of the Visconti
and Sforza, the fortifications of which have recently been streng¬
thened, is now a barrack. By the spacious exercising-ground, or
Piazza d'Armi, behind the castle, is the Arena (PI. 2) (fee !/2 fr.),
a species of circus for races etc. founded by Napoleon I. The
grass-seats are capable of accommodating 30,000 persons.
Opposite the castle, on the N. W. side of the Piazza d'Armi,
is the *Arco della Pace (PI. 1), or Arco di Sempione, a triumphal
arch in the Roman style, commenced in 1804 by Napoleon as a
termination to the Simplon route, completed by the Emp. Francis
in 1830, the destination and decoration having been altered
(ascended by means of 107 steps). The former inscriptions in
honour of Emp. Francis have been superseded by others comme¬
morating the emancipation of Italy in 1859. This lofty gateway,
with three passages, consisting entirely of blocks of white marble,
was erected by L. Cagnola (p. 118), and is adorned with nume¬
rous reliefs and statues.
On the platform is the goddess of Peace in a chariot with 6 horses,
at the four corners Victoria? on horseback. Side towards the town: by