MAGENTA. 18. Route. Ill
Albert. Novara was the scene of a victory gained by the Austrians
under Hess over the Piedmontese in 1849, in consequence of
which Charles Albert abdicated.
The celebrated philosopher Petrus Lombardus (A. 1164 as
Bishop of Paris), surnamed the 'Magister Sententiarum' and a
pupil of Abaelard, was born near Novara about 1120.
Branch Line to Gozzano from Novara in i'|* hr.; fares 4 fr., 2 fr.
80 c, 2 fr. — Stations Caltignaga, Momo, Borgomanero (a thriving town with
7800 inhab.), Gozzano (near it Bolzano, an episcopal chateau with a church
and seminary); diligence hence to Orta and Omegna (see p. 143).
At Novara the Turin and Milan line is crossed by that from
Arona to Genoa (R. 25). Stat. Trecate. Near stat. S. Martino
the line crosses the Ticino by a broad and handsome stone
bridge of 11 arches, which the Austrians partially destroyed
before the battle of Magenta, but not sufficiently to prevent the
passage of the French. Traces of the inundation of the autumn
of 1868 are stijl visible near the bridge.
Farther on, the Naviglio Grande (p. 113), a canal connecting
Milan with the Ticino and the Lago Maggiore, is crossed. On
the r. before stat. Magenta is reached is a monument erected to
Napoleon III. in 1862, to commemorate the victory gained by
the French and Sardinians over the Austrians on June 4th, 1859,
in consequence of which the latter were compelled to evacuate
the whole of Lombardy. The French General Mac Mahon , who
distinguished himself here, was shortly afterwards created marshal
and Duke of Magenta. A number of hillocks with crosses in a
low-lying field opposite the station mark the graves of those who
fell in the struggle. A monument to commemorate the battle
was inaugurated in 1862. On an eminence in the burial-ground
a small chapel has. been erected.
Next stations Vittuone and Rhb (p. 142). The line intersects
numerous fields of rice, which are kept under water during two
months in the year, and soon reaches Milan (see below).
19. Milan, Ital. Milano, Lat. Mediolanum.
Arrival. The railway-station, an imposing structure, is decorated with
handsome frescoes. The arrangements are also admirable. Omnibuses from
most of the hotels are in waiting; charge generally 1 fr. each passenger.
Fiacre from the station, to any part of the town 1 fr., at night 1 fr. 25 c,
each article of luggage 25 c. Omnibus to the cathedral 25 c. Porterage to
the town for luggage under 100 lbs. 50 c. according to tariff.
Hotels. -Hotel de la Ville (PI. a), Corso. Vittorio Emanuele, oppo¬
site the church of S. Carlo, R. 3, A. 1, B. l'|2, D. 4'|2 fr., on the ground-
floor the large Cafi Europa; 'Hotel Cavour, in the Piazza Cavour, near
the station, new and quiet, R. from 2 fr., D. 5 fr.; 'Grand Hotel Royal
(PL b), R. 2'|2, L. 1, D. 4, B. l'|2, A. 1 fr.; Hotel Reichmann (PL c),
Corso di Porta Romana, R. 2i|2, B. 1, D. 3>|2, A. 1 fr., L. 75 c. ; 'Gran
Bretagna (PL d), similar charges; 'Hotel de Milan, Corsia del Giar¬
dino 22, new, R. 2>|2, A. 1 fr., L. 75 c.; "H otel de l'Europe, Corso Vit¬
torio Emanuele 9; -Roma, Corso Vittorio Emanuele 7, R. 2 fr., A. 75, L.
75 c, with restaurant, no table d'hote; Francia, Corso Vitt. Emanuele.