to Turin. CARMAGNOLA. 17. Route. 109
Mulinuri (1621—93), a native of Savigliano, surnamed Caraccino,
as an imitator of Caracci.
Branch Line W. to Saluzzo (in i|2 hr. ; fares 1 fr. 80, 1 fr. 25,
90 c), capital of the province (formerly of a marquisate) of that name,
with 15,814 inhab. The higher part of the town, with its precipitous streets,
affords a fine prospect over the Piedmontese plain. Saluzzo was the birth¬
place of Silvio Pellico (p. 196), to whom a monument was erected here in 1863.
Next stat. Cavalier Maggiore, formerly fortified.
Branch Line to Alessandria in 5 hrs.; fares 10 fr. 80, 7 fr. 55,
5 fr. 40 c. Stat. Madonna-Pilone; then Bra, a prosperous town with 12,946
inhab. (staple commodities cattle, corn, and wine). The church of Sta. Chi-
ara was erected in 1742 by Vettone in the richest style of that period. Next
stations S. Vitloria, where the line reaches the Tanaro; Monticelli, Musotto;
the Tanaro is crossed, and Alba, with 9336 inhab., reached. The cathedral
of S. Lorenzo dates from the 15th cent. Stations Nejve, Caslagnole, Costig-
liole, S. Slefano-Belbo, on the river of that name, the valley of which the
train traverses for a considerable distance; Canelli, Calamandrana, and Nizza
di Monferrato, whence a good road leads to Acqui (p. 146). Stat. Incisa, a
considerable distance from the railway, is situated on the Belbo. Then
Castelnuovo, Bruno, Bergamasco, Oviglio, Cantalupo and Alessandria, see
Near the next stat. Racconigi is a royal chateau, once a favou¬
rite residence of Charles Albert (d. 1849), who caused it to be
restored and embellished, and furnished with pleasant grounds.
Stat. Carmagnola, a town with 12,894 inhab., was the birth¬
place (1390) of the celebrated military commander Francesco Bussone,
son of a swine-herd, and usually termed Count of Carmagnola,
who reconquered a considerable part of Lombardy and the
possessions of Giangaleazzo for Duke Filippo Maria Visconti.
He afterwards became an object of suspicion to the duke and
tied to Venice, where he was elected generalissimo of the army,
with which he conquered Brescia and Bergamo and won the
battle of Macalo (1427). His fidelity being again suspected,
he was recalled to Venice by the Council of Ten and received
with great pomp. On the departure of the army, however, he
was thrown into prison, put to the torture, and on May 5th,
1432, beheaded between the two columns in the Piazzetta (p. 196).
Bussone's brief and chequered career is the subject of a tragedy by
Manzoni. — (Railway from Carmagnola S. to Savona, p. 95, to
join the Genoa and Nice line, in course of construction.)
A road leads hence W., crossing the Po, to the town of Carignano
(7800 inhab.), on the high road from Turin to Nice, 4i|2 M. distant. Several
of the churches are interesting. S. Giovanni Battista was erected by Count
Alfieri. Sta. Maria delle Grazie contains the monument of Bianca Palseo-
logus, daughter of William IV., Marquis of Montferrat, and wife of Duke
Charles I., at whose court the 'Chevalier Bayard' was educated. Carignano,
under the title of a principality, was an appanage of Thomas Francis (d.
1656), fourth son of Charles Emmanuel L, and ancestor of the present
royal family. Prince Eugene, uncle of the king, is entitled 'Prince of Ca¬
At stat. Trufarello the line unites with that from Turin to
Alessandria. Journey hence to
Turin see p. 85,