108 Route 17.
The road traverses a dreary valley by the side of the Roja
and ascends by 50 zigzags on the barren mountain, passing
several refuges, to the summit of the Col di Tenda, or di Cornio
(5883 ft.) where the Alpes Maritimes (W.) terminate and the
Apennines (E.) begin. The view embraces the chain of the Alps
from Mont Ise'ran to Monte Rosa; the plains of Piedmont are
concealed by intervening mountains. Monte Viso is not visible
from the pass itself, but is seen from a point a short distance
beyond it, near the 4th Refuge. The descent is very steep.
The road follows the course of the Vermanagna to
22 M. Limone (3282 ft.) (Hotel de la Poste), an Italian
excise-station, and then becomes more level. The valley of the
Vermanagna, which is now traversed, is at some places enclosed
by wooded heights, at others by precipitous limestone cliffs.
To the 1. rises the magnificent pyramid of the Monte Viso
9[/2 M. Robillante.
11 M. Cuneo, or Coni (1497 ft.) (Hotel de la Poste; Hotel
de Londres), a town with 23,000 inhab., at the confluence of
the Stura and the Gesso, was once strongly fortified. After the
battle of Marengo (p. 146) the works were dismantled in accordance
with a decree of the three consuls (at the same time as the
citadels of Milan and Tortona and the fortifications of Ceva and
Turin) and converted into pleasure-grounds. In the principal
street are arcades with shops on either side. The Franciscan
Church, like most churches of this order beyond the Alps, is in
the Gothic style (12th cent.), which was regarded by the Italians
as the architecture most expressive of the simplicity and austerity
inculcated by the Franciscans. — Cuneo is a great depot for
wares on their route from Nice to N. Italy and Switzerland.
A considerable fair is held here in autumn. — Pleasant walk
to the Madonna degli Angeli, at the confluence of the Gesso
and the Stura.
About 7 M. S. E. of Cuneo, in the Val Pesio, is the romantically si¬
tuated Certosa di Val Pesio, now employed as a hydropathic establishment,
also frequented as quarters for the summer by those in search of retire¬
ment. — In the Val di Gesso, about 10 M. S. W. of Cuneo, are the
Baths ofValdieri, the waters of which somewhat resemble those of
Aix-les-Bains in Savoy (p. 30).
The Railway to Turin intersects the fertile plain, bounded
on the W. by the Alpes Maritimes and, farther distant, the Cottian
Alps, and on the E. by the Apennines. Cenlallo, the first
station, with 4900 inhab. , possesses remnants of mediaeval walls
and towers. Next stat. La Maddalena; then Fossano, an episcopal
residence, on the 1. bank of the Stura, beautifully situated on
an eminence, with ramparts and a mediaeval castle.
Savigliano (Corona) is a pleasant town on the Macra, enclosed
by old fortifications, The principal church contains pictures by