106 Route 10.
rowing-boat 10 fr.), very beautifully situated on the Bay of
Villafranca, which is enclosed by olive-clad heights (to the 1. on
the height rises Fort Montalban). Villafranca, which was founded
in 1295 by Charles II. of Anjou, as king, of Sicily, is now a
French naval station, where several large vessels are generally-
lying at anchor. In returning to Nice the traveller should take
the old road (li/2 M.), which crosses the promontory and affords
a fine view on the descent. Rail. stat. at Villafranca (seep. 100)
close to the sea.
If the road which ascends the hill to the 1. above Villafranca
be followed for li/2 M. farther, a road to the r. crossing the
railway by a stone bridge will lead the traveller (3/4 M. farther]
to Beaulieu (rail. stat. to the 1. of the bridge, see p. 100), an
insignificant village situated in the midst of rich plantations oi
olives, figs, carob-trees, lemons, and oranges. Many of the
olive-trees are remarkably large, one of them measuring 22 ft.
in circumference. Beaulieu lies in a wide bay, bounded on the
S. by the long peninsula of St. Hospice. At the foot of the
latter lies the village of S. Giovanni, or St. Jean (dear inn),
l3/4 M. from Beaulieu, a favourite resort of excursionists from
Nice. Tunny fishing is successfully carried on here in the
months of February, March, and April. At the extremity of the
peninsula are the ruins of an old Saracen castle', destroyed in
1706 under Louis XIV. (see p. 104), and the ruined chapel of
St. Hospice. Instead of proceeding to St. Jean by the above
route, the traveller may be ferried across • the bay to the creek
of Pasbles (60 c), and thence cross the peninsula on foot
to St. Jean.
To the W. of Nice pleasant walks are afforded by the valley
of the Magnan (p. 103), in which a road ascends to (2 M.) the
church of La Madeleine. The beautiful, sheltered banks of the
Var, which falls into the Baie des Anges (p. 103) 4% M. to
the W. of Nice, are also worthy of a visit.
Route de la Corniche by Turbia to Mentone see p. 98.
Monaco see p. 99.
17. From Nice to Turin by the Col di Tenda.
Messageries to Cuneo in 22—23 hrs. (delay is sometimes occasioned
in winter by the snow on the Col di Tenda, which is crossed in sledges);
Railway from Cuneo to Turin in 2>|2 hrs.; fares 9 fr. 60, 6 fr. 70, 4 fr. 80 c.
Through-tickets for the entire journey from Nice to Turin may be procured
for 32 fr., entitling the holder to a seat in the 2nd cl. of the railway.
This is a very attractive route, especially for those coming from Turin.
The views during the descent from the Col di Tenda to the Mediterranean
are strikingly beautiful.
The road crossing the Col di Tenda (5883 ft.) was constructed by
Charles Emmanuel in 1591 and improved by Victor Amadeus III. in 1780
(as two inscriptions on the road record). It is inferior to the majority of
the skilfully constructed modern Alpine roads, being, in many places only
12 ft. in width, and generally unprotected by a parapet or railing. The