14. Route. 87
to Tunis once weekly. Embarcation in each case 1 fr. for each pers., incl.
Small boat with one rower per hr. 2 fr. (2—4 pers.).
Baths, Via delle Grazie 11, Piazza Sarzano 51, Via delle Fontane 12, 80 c.
Sea-bathing estab. at the Punta della Cava (PL H, 8), to which omnibuses
(20 c) run during the summer, and at Pegli (p. 94), accommodation very
poor. Swimmers are recommended to bathe from a boat.
Post Office, Piazza delle Fontane Morose, open 8 a. in. to 8 p. m.
Telegraph Office in the Palazzo Ducale (PL 13).
Carriages for the whole day, one-horse 10, two-horse 15 fr., half a day
5 or 10 fr.; per hr., one-horse l'|2 fr., each following '|2 hr. 75 c.; per drive
80 c, at night 1>|4 fr.
Omnibuses traverse the city in every direction, fare 20 c. From the
Piazzo Carlo Felice to the railway 20 e. — Smaller vehicles run to places
in the environs, but are often crowded.
Diligences. Messageries Impe'riales to Nice and Spezia, from the Piazza
Brignole, opp. the Palazzo Brignole (comp. p. 94).
Commissionaires 5 fr. per day.
Honey. The Genoese Soldo = 4 Centesimi only (1 fr. = 25 Genoese
soldi, 1 lira Genovese = 80 c., used only by the humbler classes). The
usual soldo of 5 c. is called Palanca at Genoa, as well as in Tuscany.
English Church Service in an apartment in the Via Assarotti. Pres¬
byterian at the Waldensian church in the same street.
PrincipalAttractions: Ascent of the Madonna di Carignano (p. 88);
walk on the terrace of the harbour (p. 89) and through the line of streets
mentioned p. 88; visit to the Palazzo Pallavicini (p. 91), Brignole (p. 91) and
Doria (p. 92); drive to the Villa Pallavicini (p. 93).
The city of Genoa (127,986 inh.), justly termed 'la superba',
owing to its beautiful situation and its numerous palaces of
marble, rises from the sea on the slope of the mountain, like
a grand amphitheatre. Genoa was celebrated as a harbour at a
very remote age, and as early as the Roman period was the great
mart for the products of the coast-districts of the Mediterranean.
The city in its present dimensions, however, dates from the
middle ages. At the commencement of the 10th cent, a republic,
presided over by doges, was constituted here. The citizens par¬
ticipated in the crusades, and acquired valuable possessions in
the distant East. Their great rivals were the Pisans and Ve¬
netians , with whom they waged fierce and interminable wars
(pp. 266, 188).
The Internal History of Genoa consists of a succession of violent,
and frequently sanguinary party-struggles, originated chiefly by the Doria
and Spinola families (Guelphs) and those of the Grimaldi and Fieschi (Ghi-
bellines) to which the Doges, the presidents of the republic belonged.
Andrea Doria (p. 92) at length restored peace by the establishment of a
new constitution. The unsuccessful conspiracy of Fieschi in 1547 is the
last instance of an attempt to make the supreme power dependent on un¬
bridled personal ambition. The power of Genoa was, however, already on
the wane. The Turks conquered its Oriental possessions one by one, and
the city was subjected to severe humiliations by its powerful Italian rivals,
as well as by the French (who took Genoa in 1684). In 1736 the ambition
of Theodore de Neuhof, a Westphalian nobleman, occasioned great disquie¬
tude to the republic. He was created king by the inhabitants of Corsica,
who had been subjects of Genoa, but now threw off their yoke. The Ge¬
noese pronounced the newly elected king a traitor against the 'majesty of
the people' CQual seduttore del popolo, reo di lesa maestd'), in consequence
cf which the usurper fled, and, with the aid of the French, the Genoese
supremacy over Corsica was re-established. In 1746 new disasters were
oaused by the occupation of the city for some time by the Imperial army