//. Route. 83
15 M. Aosta (1962 ft) ("Hotel du Montblanc, at the upper
end of the town, on the road to Courmayeur, R. 2, D. 3*/a, A. 1 fr.; Jean
Tairraz, the landlord, is well acquainted with the environs; Couronne
in the market place, R. 2, B. Ufa fr.), the Augusta Praetoria Salassorum
of the Romans, now the capital (7760 inhab.) of the Italian
province of that name , lies at the confluence of the Buttier and
the Doire, or Dora Baltea. The valley was anciently inhabited
by the Salassi, a Celtic race, who commanded the passage of
both the Great and Little St. Bernard, the two most important
routes from Italy to Gaul. They frequently harassed the Romans
in various ways, and on one occasion plundered the coffers of
Caesar himself. After protracted struggles this tribe was finally
extirpated by Augustus, who founded Aosta to protect the high
roads, named it after himself, and garrisoned it with 3000 soldiers
of the Praetorian cohorts. The antiquities still extant testify to
its ancient importance. The Town Walls are flanked with strong
towers. The double ■$. Gate resembles the Porta Nigra of Treves
in miniature; near it is ihe fine Arch of a bridge, half-buried.
The magnificent Triumphal Arch is constructed of huge blocks
and adorned with 10 Corinthian half-columns. There are also
ruins of a basilica etc.
The modern Cathedral possesses a singular Portal, with fres¬
coes ; above it the Last Supper in terra cotta, gaudily painted.
Near the church of St. Ours are cloisters with handsome early
Romanesque columns. Modern Town Hall in the spacious market¬
place (the Piazza Carlo Alberto).
From Aosta over the Great St. Bernard to Martigny (p. 35), and from
Aosta to Courmayeur and round Mont Blanc to Chamouny, see Baedeker's
Switzerland. One-horse carr. to St. Remy (where the carriage-road to the
Great St. Bernard at present terminates) 15, to Courmayeur 20, to Chatillon
(p. 82) 12 fr. Diligence to Courmayeur and Pre St. Didier.
12. From Turin to Piacenza by Alessandria.
Railway in 4i|i—6')* hrs.; fares 20 fr. 75, 14 fr. 55, 10 fr. 40 c.
From Turin to Alessandria see R. 13. Beyond Alessandria
the train traverses the Battle-field of Marengo (p. 146). The village
of that name is close to (N.W.) the first stat. Spinetta. Next
stat. S. Giuliano. The train then crosses the Scrivia und reaches
Xortona (Croce Bianca), the ancient Dertona, a small town with
a Cathedral erected by Philip II. in 1584, and containing a re¬
markably fine ancient sarcophagus.
Branch Railway to Hovi (p. 146), by stat. Pozzuolo, in 35—45 min.
(2 fr. 10, 1 fr. 50, 1 fr. 5 c.); only two trains daily, three on Sundays.
A fertile tract is traversed, and near stat. Ponte the impetuous
Curone is crossed. Voghera (Italia; Albergo del Popolo), a town
with 10,173 inhab. on the 1. bank of the Staffora (perhaps the
ancient Iria), was once fortified by Giov. Galeazzo Visconti. The
old church of S. Lorenzo, founded in the 11th cent., was remo-