82 Route 11. CHAT1LL0N.
the fort. On the 1. the Val di Camporciero, or Champorcher,
772 M. Verrex (1279 ft.) (Ecu de France, or Poste; * Cou-
ronne) is situated at the entrance of the (r.) Val de Challant.
The valleys of Aosta and Susa (p. 33) were alternately occu¬
pied by the Franks and the Lombards, and belonged for a con¬
siderable period to the Franconian Empire, in consequence of
which the French language still predominates in these Italian
districts. Bard is the point of the transition from Italian to
French, while at Verrex the latter is spoken almost exclusively.
Above Verrex the valley expands. The ruined castle of St.
Germain, loftily situated, soon comes in view. The road ascends
through the long and steep * Defile of Montjovet. The rock-hewn
passage is supposed to have been originally constructed by the
Romans. The Doire forms a succession of waterfalls in its rugged
channel far below. The small village of Montjovet, on the roofs
of which the traveller looks down from the road, appears to cling
precariously to the rocks. The castle of St. Germain is again
visible from several different points of view.
As soon as the region of the valley in which Aosta is si¬
tuated is entered, a grand and picturesque landscape, enhanced
by the richest vegetation, is disclosed to view. The Pont des
Salassins (comp. pp. 81, 83), a bridge crossing a profound ra¬
vine, commands a magnificent view. On the 1. rises the castle
Near St. Vincent (Lion d'Or; Ecu de France) a mineral spring
rises, and a bath-establishment has been erected here. Hotels better
than at (172 M- farther)
9 M. Chatillon (1736 ft.) (Palais Royal; Lion d'Or; Trois
Rois), capital of this district, possessing a number of forges and
handsome residences. To the N. opens the Val Tournanche,
through which a bridle-path leads to the Matterjoch (10,998 ft.)
and Zermatt, and thence to Vispach (p. 36) in the Rhone Valley
(see Bmdeker's Switzerland).
The road is shaded by walnut and chestnut-trees and trellised
vines. The wine of Chambave, about 3 M. from Chatillon, is
considered one of the best in Piedmont. A slight eminence here
commands an imposing retrospect; to the E. rise several of the
snowy summits of Monte Rosa, r. Castor and Pollux (Les Ju-
meaux), 1. the peak of the Matterhorn and the Matterjoch (see
above). The entire background is formed by the Mont Blanc chain.
To the 1., at the entrance of the valley, stands the picturesque
castle of Fenis. The poor village of Nus, with fragments of an
old castle, lies midway between Chatillon and Aosta.
A footpath leads from Villefranche to the castle of Quart,
situated on the hill above (now used as an hospital) and descends
on the other side. Beautiful view from the summit.