Theseum. ATHENS. 39. Route. 35]
city. The foundations of the E. wall are preserved in the yEolus
Street. The anterior wall was parallel with the narrow bazaar-
street; the fragment preserved is the N. half of the W. wall.
The whole comprised a space 406' in length, 267' in width,
containing colonnades (oroai), a library, a temple of Zeus, another
ol Hera, and a shrine of all tlie gods (Ildr&tov). Seven well-
preserved monolithic columns of Carystus marble ('cipollino'), 3'/4r
thick, 31' in height, with rich Corinthian capitals, adorn the
marble wall. The fluted column, projecting 24' towards the W.
from one of the antac, belonged to a portico (IlponvXcaor) of 4
columns, which led to the principal gate. Another similar wall
with 7 columns adjoined this portico on the S.
A small museum of sculptures and inscriptions has been estab¬
lished in the space in front of the columns (custodian to be found
in the wooden hut).
. In the centre, from 1. to r.: tombstone of Mnesistrate, taking leave of
her husband. "Female statue. "Pedestal of a tripod: in front Dionysus,
presiding in person at the thank-offering of the victorious choregi, at the
sides winged genii with sacrificial vases. Tomb-relief, a father taking leave
of his son. Several tombstones of priestesses of Isis, recognisable by the
knot of the robe on the breast, and the sistrum. Tasteful "frieze from
Lamia , representing sea-monsters. On the wall a mutilated relief of a bull.
E. of the door: Hercules strangling the Xemean lion. — On the wall above,
Byzantine paintings from a Christian chapel which formerly stood here.
To the 1. of the columns is a Turkish mosque (see below).
In the middle of the Bazaar rises the Clock Tower, presented
to the Athenians by Lord Elgin as a compensation for the sculp¬
tures removed by him from the Parthenon. At its base, behind
the booths, are three columns and an anta of one of the above-
Passing the mosque and proceeding towards the N., the tra¬
veller regains the Hermes Street. — Then to the 1. in this street
as far as the last side-street ('Odbg cI>iXi7i7iov) on the 1. In a
waste piece of ground closed by a gate, on the 1. side of the
narrow street which terminates opposite the Church of St. Philip,
stand two singular statues, termed Atlantes, Giants, or snake-
footed monsters. Nothing is known of them except that they
were evidently once employed as supporters.
Hence back to the church, and then to the 1. towards the
railway-station. In a conspicuous position above the latter
**Theseum (OnotTov), the best-preserved edifice of ancient
Athens. If it be correctly designated a temple of Theseus, it is
probably that which was erected by Cimon, B. C. 470, to the
memory of Theseus, who is said to have appeared at the Battle
of Marathon (490) and to have aided his countrymen in gaining
the victory. (The style of the edifice indicates that it is con¬
siderably older than the Parthenon.) This hero, the conqueror