350 Route 39. ATHENS. Stoa of Hadrian.
supplied from the Clepsydra spring on the Acropolis by an aqueduct,
of which several arches are still standing. The water-clock, of which
traces are observable on the ground, was fed from this cistern.
— In the tower itself and the vicinity numerous antiquities are
preserved. The custodian lives in the house with the dome by
the fountain to the r.; this building, formerly a Turkish bath,
contains casts of the sculptures from the Parthenon in the British
Museum, and of the frieze of the temple of Apollo at Bassae. —
In the Tower of the Winds, r. of the N.E. portico, is a tablet for
keeping accounts; tombstone of Sosiphanes; * torso of an Amazon.
In the 3rd frame a pointed gravestone, in which a sitting woman,
with work-basket (xctXct&og) lehind her, is recognisable. On a
tombstone an athlete, going to the palaestra with his strigil, or
'scraper', and phial of oil. — Outside, leaning against the N.AV.
portico, a tombstone representing children taking leave of their
This building stood in a space enclosed by columns, one of
which with a portion of the architrave is preserved in the bar¬
rack-yard (a building with a dome). Adjoining this on the W.
was another oblong space, terminating with the so-called Market
Gate (llvXn rfjg ayoQug). Four Doric columns, A1j2' in diameter,
29' in height, still support the architrave, triglyphs and a pedi¬
ment, The width of the central space indicates that the struc¬
ture was intended for a gateway. The corner-columns are ad¬
joined by antae. The inscription on the architrave records that
the gate was dedicated to Athene at the expense of Jul. Caesar
and Augustus. It was once surmounted by a statue of L. Caesar
(d. A. D. 2), grandson of Augustus. — This was the oil-market,
as a long inscription in the rear of the gate regulating the sale
of oil testifies (dating from the time of Hadrian).
About 250 paces farther W. are the sole relics still extant of
the celebrated market-place of Athens, with its magnificent hails,
temples and statues. They belong to the Stoa erected by Attalus,
king of Pergamus (about B. C. 175) at the N.E. end of the market,
a structure 400' in length, with 21 doors, in front of which a
long double row of columns rose. The ruins, however, are hardly
now recognisable. — The market-place (r\ ctyoga rj Iv KtQc^itixiu)
during the golden age of Athens extended towards the W., as far
as the base of the hill of the Theseum, and towards the S. as
far as the Areopagus, where the dirtiest quarter of the town is
The traveller may now return hence towards the Market Gate,
and before reaching it enter the street to the 1. ('Odbg "Atotiog);
turning to the r. at its extremity, he reaches the *Stoa of Hadrian,
or rather the Gymnasium of Hadrian. This was one of the magni¬
ficent structures with which Hadrian (114—37) embellished the