Tower of the Winds. ATHENS. 39. Route. 349
of the * Little Metropolis, as it is termed, lying to the S., also
termed the church of the Paragia (Virgin) Gorgopiko, constructed
entirely of ancient fragments by Prince Otho de Laroche (d. 1259).
Above the principal entrances (W. side) is an ancient Greek ca¬
lendar of festivals, with Corinthian capitals at the corners (crosses
added by Christians). Over the S. door a fine fragment of a
Doric architrave, with bulls' heads and rosettes in the metopes,
and crossed torches and vases in front of the triglyphs. Above
the apse, at the sides, are ancient * reliefs with sacrificial repre¬
sentations; in the apse itself (S. side) an archaic relief, immured
upside down. On the N. side a mutilated representation of a
paliestrite, and a * tomb-relief. All the architectural mouldings
and decorations are also taken from ancient structures. The flat,
uncouth representation of animals is of Byzantine workmanship.
— The ruins of the church of St. Andrew (to the S., in the
'Odog <f>ilo!)iag) also rest on ancient foundations of marble. A
Serapeum was probably situated here in ancient times.
Returning hence to the Hermes Street, the visitor reaches the
Kapnikaraea church, a complicated Byzantine structure. Passing
round this church he next proceeds to the point of intersection of
the Hermes and ,<Eolus streets, and ascends the latter towards the
Acropolis. On the r. a square with a modern fountain; then (r.)
the huge substructures of the E. side of the Gymnasium of
Hadrian (p. 350). The Bazaar is situated here and towards the
N., and the curious oriental scene is best inspected in the narrow
street to the r. before the substructures are reached. The sellers
and artisans sit with crossed legs in open booths on both sides of
the street. The red boots (r^aQoiyi) and 'fustanelle' so generally
worn are sold here at moderate prices. At the end of the bazaar
stands a mosque (rmcc/ui), now used as a barrack.
The jEoIus Street next leads to the * Tower of the Winds
(Nciog AwXov), more properly termed the Horlogium of Andronicus
Cyrrhestes. About the year B. C. 100 it was erected by An¬
dronicus of Cyrrhus in Syria in order to comprise a weathercock,
a sun-dial, and a water-clock. The building is octagonal, with
two porticos, each supported by two columns, towards N.E. and
N.W. respectively, and a species of tower towards the S. The
diameter of the whole is 29', each side about 11' long, height
42'. The 8 sides of the structure are turned towards the different
points of the compass, and adorned with badly executed reliefs
on the frieze representing the various winds: N. Boreas, N.W..
Scirion, W. Zephyrus, S.W. Libs, S. Notos, S. E. Eurus, E.
Apeliotes, N.E. Caicias. The building was once surmounted by
a Triton , who pointed with his staff to the quarter whence the
wind blew. On the sides, under the reliefs, traces of the sun-dial
are seen. The circular structure on the S. side contained a cistern,