346 Route 39. ATHENS. Erechtheu,
1. side rested her shield, on which a snake was entwined, and on
her head was a helmet adorned with sphynxes and griffins. On
the basement the birth of Pandora was represented, at the sides
the combat of the Lapithae and Centaurs, in the inner circle of
the shield the contest of the gods and the giants, and on the
outer that of the Athenians with the Amazons. At the sides
were two rows of Doric columns (33/4' thick), 9 in each, termed
intpoja, slight traces of which are still observable. The statue
stood on a floor of massive blocks of stone. It has recently been
questioned whether this sacred space was hypasthral (i. e. exposed
to the open air) or not. In the W. part of the cella, the Opis-
thodomos ('posterior part of the temple'), which was connected
with the Hecatompedos by two small doors and supported by 4
Ionic columns, the treasury of the state was deposited. — When
the Parthenon was converted into a Christian place of worship,
the entrance was transferred to the AV., and a door made in the
wall between the Opisthodomos and the Hecatompedos; the columns
of the interior were differently arranged, and an apse built out
into the Pronaos. (Traces of Christian paintings on the AV. wall.)
The minaret in the posticum was afterwards added by the Turks.
Tlie building, however, had survived without material alteration
until the catastrophe of 1687 converted it into a desolate ruin.
Three columns on the N. side have been badly restored.
To the 1. among the ruins in the interior is a small "Museum. Portions
of the frieze of the cella: "equestrians, men leading bulls to the sacrifice,
3 men carrying pitchers , figures of gods who were believed to be present
on solemn occasions. A 'Metope. Fragments from the W. tympanum, par¬
ticularly a stooping "statue supposed to represent Ares. On the N. and S.
side of the Parthenon the ruins lie in picturesque confusion. On the steps
on the >'. side several fragments: "graceful dancing girl, a Pyrrhic dancer
-etc. — Superb prospect towards the S.
To the N. of the Parthenon is situated the **Erechtheum,
the external form of which is still distinctly traceable, but the
internal arrangements have been completely concealed by sub¬
sequent alterations. Three vestibules (nQoaretatig) led to the
interior, which is 69' long and 36' wide. The variety exhibited
in its architecture is a great charm of this temple. The E.
colonnade, an ordinary pronaos of six Ionic columns (23' high,
* h in diameter), one of which is preserved in the British Mu¬
seum, formed the entrance to the Temple of Athene Polias (i. e.
protectress of the city'), containing a sitting figure of the goddess
with, the eternal lamp. The N. prostasis has 4 Ionic columns in
° r'„a"?. ]!es 9' deeper than the E. colonnade, while its columns
the L, ! and 3' higher' The two Peculiar apertures below
ofdon 113'3 T Sald t0 haVe bee" caused b>' the *rident of Po"
rok Thp n Ca"Sed tJh6*Salt Spri"S t0 «™ ^ striking the
'■■P-e» „ee above), lighted by three windows introduced