Costumes. ATHENS. 39. Route. 329
an end to much confusion. The drachma will then be equivalent to 1 fr.
A few of these pieces , with the head of king George, are already in cir¬
Tobacco for making cigarettes (xumdi, literally 'smoke') and cigarettes
paper (Jij«no'z«nTo) 10 lepta. Better quality of tobacco termed noXnr/.ui /.anrdz.
— Cigars (noiiyo) bad. Hamburg cigars at 10—15 lepta at Liewen's, opposite
Wilberg's. Turkish hookahs (vuQytXt) are supplied to customers at the cafes.
_ Tickets for the Acropolis (gratis), obtained at the office of the minister
of instruction, may be sent for from the hotel; but admission is also ob¬
tained by payment of a gratuity. Tickets, however, are necessary for a
moonlight visit, which will be found very impressive.
Carriages, per hr. 2—2>|2 dr., per day 22—25 fr., and
Horses, 8—10 fr. per day, both to be had of the hotel-keepers.
Guides unnecessary. If desired, enquiry should be made at the hotels.
Per day 6-8 fr.
Costumes in great variety render a walk in the streets of Athens very
entertaining to the stranger. The national Greek, or rather Albanian, is
the commonest. It consists of a high fez with long, blue tassel, a blue or
red jacket with open sleeves and richly embroidered, a vest of similar
description, shirt with wide and flowing sleeves, a leathern belt with a
pouch for weapons, the white 'fustanella', short breeches, red gaiters and
pointed red shoes. — Artisans, and especially the inhabitants of the is¬
lands (njoiiinca), wear a different costume of Turkish origin: high fez worn
upright, short dark-coloured jacket, red vest and short wide trousers of dark
green or blue calico, calves with or without stockings, and shoes with
buckles. The Cretan costume is similar , but high boots are worn instead
of shoes. In cold or wet weather a cloak with a hood ('/.(inna), made of
goats' hair, is worn by all classes. The women generally wear 'French'
clothing, but sometimes adorn their heads with a fez with gold tassel. The
Albanian peasant-women alone still retain their national costume, con¬
sisting of a long petticoat embroidered on the sleeves and skirt, with a
short white woollen dress above it; they adorn their hair and necks with
chains of coins strung together. — Many fine figures and handsome faces
will be observed among the men, but the Greek type of beauty appears en¬
tirely to have deserted the fair sex, especially in Attica, where intercourse
with foreign countries has altered the character of the race. The ancient
ideal is now to be sought for in a few of the remote mountain-valleys alone.
Post and Telegraph Offices. Post-office in the Stadium Street, near the
offices of finance. Letters from England, France and Germany arrive on
Thursdays. Letters for England and France should be posted on Thursday
evening, for Germany on Saturdays before 2 p.m.— Telegraph - office in
the 'Odoc irji BovXijz, at the back of the unfinished fiovXrj, or hall of the de¬
puties. Telegrams may be given in any language.
Athens is situated (37° 58' N. lat.) in the great plain of At¬
tica, which is watered by the Cephissus, the only river of Attica
containing water in summer, and the Ilissus, a brook filled only
in wet weather. On the N. and N. W. the plain is bounded by
Parnes and its spur zEgaleus; on the E. and S. E. by Brilessus,
or Pentelicon, and Hymettus; on the S. and W. by the Saronic
gulf. In the centre of the plain rises a range of hills, now
termed Turco Vuni, running from E. to W., and separating the
valleys of the Cephissus and Ilissus; the highest of these is
the Lycabettus (Mt. St. George). The latter is separated by a
•broad depression from the Acropolis with the Areopagus and a
range of bills farther to the W. (the Philopappus or Museion, the