Latomia del Filosofo. SYRACUSE. 35. Route. 299
of the Epipolse and terminates towards the AV. in 4 massive
towers, surrounded by two deep fosses hewn in the rock. (The
custodian Giovanni di Natale, who is seldom on the spot, should
be enquired for at the hotels. If unaccompanied by ladies.
however, the traveller may penetrate into the different passages
without assistance.) From the first of these diverge a number
of subterranean issues, connected with each other and forming
passages accessible to infantry and even cavalry, communicating
with the great court' behind the towers. In the rocks of the fosse
opposite to these apertures are hollows, probably employed as
magazines. Those to the r. contain inscriptions of letters or
numbers which have not yet been deciphered. The village of
Belvedere, which lies on the Thymbris (Monte Crimiti), the nar¬
row AV. ridge extending towards the mountains, was situated
without the precincts of the fortifications. The view towards the
N. is remarkably fine: 1. the M. Crimiti, on which one of the
ancient conduits takes its rise; then ^Etna, in front of it the
broad Bay of Agosta, the ancient Gulf of Megara (p. 289); r. in
the background the mountains of the E. Sicilian coast; farther r.
the Mts. of Calabria.
About half- way between this spot and the point where the
road to Catania intersects the N. wall (Scala Graeca) the Athe¬
nian fort of Labdalon probably stood. In the valley below lay-
Leon, whence the Athenians stormed the Epipola3. On the S.
side, at some distance from the spectator, rises the Buffalaro,
a hill with quarries (latomia?), whence Dionysius procured the
materials for the construction of the city-walls, and where he is
said to have confined the poet and philosopher Philoxenus for having
composed verses in disparagement of the tyrant (whence the name
Latomia del Filosofo).
In order to avoid returning from the Euryalus by the same
route, the traveller, after following the road for 10 min. , should
turn to the r. by a small farm-building, beyond which a carriage-
road is soon reached. This leads in about lj,2 hr. to the Floridia
and Palazzolo road, by which in i/i hr. more the traveller arrives
at the Buonfardeci garden (entered by a gap in the wall on the
road-side). Roman Baths and a small Theatre were excavated here
in 1864, but have not as yet been thoroughly investigated. Hence
to the gate of the town a walk of 10 min.
b. Eastern Portion.
This part of the ancient city consists principally of the Achra¬
dina, remains of the fortifications of which may be distinctly traced
on all sides. Visitors approaching this locality from the town are
recommended to cross the Smalt Harbour by boat (p. 291). This