•HJ(j Route 35. SYRACUSE. Temple of Diana.
interest. Above the museum is a Library containing 9000 vols.
and a few MSS... open 10—12 o'clock.
The Via Aretusa leads from the S. angle of the Piazza del
Duomo to the Fountain of Arethusa, of mythological celebrity.
Arethusa, pursued hither from Elis by the hunter Alpheus, is
said to have been metamorphosed by Diana into a fountain. The
Greeks may have discovered and so named a natural spring on
the rocky island, but this fountain, which still pours an abundant
stream into its basin (restored and embellished with papyrus-
plants) , is most probably supplied by one of the remarkable
water-conduits leading from the Achradina beneath the small har¬
bour. Numerous other shafts of these conduits are also observed
in the island, e. g. the Pozzo di S. Filippo. The gate to the
fountain is opened by the custodian (5 soldi) for those who desire
to inspect it more closely.
The ruins of the temple in the Casa Santoro , in the Vico di
S. Paolo, are usually regarded as those of a Temple of Diana
(key at the shoemaker's opposite, 5 soldi). Recent excavations
have here disclosed the remains of a highly remarkable Greek
temple, a peripteral hexastyle of unusual length, which must have
been flanked by at least 19 (!) columns on each side. An in¬
scription, on the highest step of the basement, unfortunately
mutilated, is supposed to refer to the foundation of the edifice.
The town also contains a number of other relics of antiquity of
inferior interest. Among the remnants of medieval architecture
the * Palazzo Montalto (Str. S. Giacomo and Vicolo Montalto)
especially deserves mention. The castle on the S.E. extremity
of the island contains a Gothic portal, to visit which a permission
from the commandant is requisite.
Quitting the gate of the town and following the road, the
traveller reaches (i/4 M.) a circular space from which three roads
diverge: 1. to Xoto, in a straight direction to Floridia and Palaz¬
zolo; that to the r. divides a short distance farther, r. to the
Cappuccini (p. 301), 1. to Catania. The main road leading N. di¬
vides the ancient city into two nearly equal parts: on the E. (r.)
lies the Achradina, on the W. (1.) Neapolis and the Epipolfe; to
the X. Tyche. Those whose time permits should not omit to
truerse this road towards evening as far as the N. extremity of
the city f'2 l/o M.j, in order to enjoy a view of the sea and JJtna;
then to the r. along the heights, at least as far as the Tonnara;
finally returning by the boundary of the Achradina, traces of the
fortifications of which are still visible. This walk may be com-