290 Route 34.
fleet lay to the N. of the isthmus. Salt-works are now situated
here. On the mountains to the r. lies the small town of Mellili.
Here the Hybhean honey, so highly extolled by the poets, was
produced. On May 1st and 2nd a vast concourse of people
assembles at Mellili to offer thanks to St. Sebastian for the mira¬
culous cures effected by him and to celebrate his festival. Near
the peninsula of Magnisi lies the small village of
(10 M.) Priolo, ll/2 M. beyond which stands the "Torre del
Marcello", probably the remains of a tomb, but commonly reputed
to be a trophy erected by Marcellus here on the site of his camp
after the conquest of Syracuse. The road leads thence by the
Trogilus, the bay between Magnisi and Syracuse, in which the
fleet of Marcellus lay. The terrace has been now for a con¬
siderable time visible to the traveller, which extending from the
Belvedere to the promontory of Santa Panagia, bore the N. Dio-
nysian town-wall. By the so-called Scala Greca the road now
ascends to the plateau on which once stood the greatest city of
the ancient Greeks. Near the approach to the city lay Hexapylon,
a fort which defended the town on the N. side, but was taken by
Marcellus who forced a passage to Epipolae on the W. The road
now traverses Tycha, where the precincts of the ancient town
commence. On the height to the r. lay Achradina. The Nea¬
polis is then passed, to the r. of which the ''Grave of Archimedes"
is shown. The lower Achradina, where the Agora was once
situated, is next intersected, and the traveller arrives at the
isthmus connecting the peninsula of Ortygia, where the modern
town is situated, with the mainland.
35. Syracuse and the Environs.
Hotels. The celebrated Loeanda del Sole, an old-established house
which has undergone no change within the memory of man, is comfortable,
R. 2')2 1. and upwards; "Vittoria, less favourably situated in the lower
part of the town, R. from 2 1., A. >|2 1.; Loeanda d'ltalia, in the Via
Amalfitania; Hotel de Scicli.
The two hotels lirst mentioned also comprise good restaurants. Excel¬
lent Syracusan wines at both: Muscalo, Amarena, Isola Bianca etc.; also
iish of superior quality : Rivetto, large and considered a delicacy, Salamone,
Denlici, so called from its numerous teeth, Palamito, resembling salmon,
and numerous other varieties.
Cafe. Croce di Savoia, in the Piazza del Duomo, ices 5 soldi.
Guides. Salculore Politi, sottodirettore of the Museum, where he is
daily to be found, is intelligent and unassuming, 5 1. for the whole, 3—4 1.
for lialf-a-day ; he also procures carriages at 10—12 1. for a whole, 6 1. for
half-a-day (one-half of the hotel-charges). Also Mich. Angelo Politi and David
Pietro Albert! (speaks a little English and French). — Donkeys may be hired
of Don l'usqii'ite, '21 |-j 1. per diem.