to Reggio. CATANZARO. 17. Route. ]^'A
Thence through groves of oaks and olives to Corigliano (10,547 inhab. i,
19 31. from Cassano, an industrial town in a lofty situation with ancient
castle, in a picturesque and fertile district.
The next place is Rossano, an archiepisc.pal town situated on a rocky
eminence, possessing marble and alabaster quarries, in the vicinitv of the
pine forests of the Sila range of mountains which once supplied the Athe¬
nians and Sicilians with timber for ship-building and were also celebrated
for their numerous flocks.
The road skirts the sea, crosses the river Triouto, ancient Trvei.- or
Traeus, on the banks of which the Sybarites were conquered bv the Brut¬
tians, passes Torre S. Tecla and Cariati, 4'|... 31. from the Punta Fiumenica :
then, leaving Crucoli to the r., leads to the Punta dell' Alice, the ancient
promontory Crimisa, where, according to tradition, Philocrates landed on
his return from Troy and erected a temple to Apollo in which he suspended
the bow and arrows of Hercules. The town of Crimisa is believed to have
occupied the site of the modern Cirb, 1':'•.. 31. to the r. on an eminence,
commanding a view of the promontory. The road then crosses the river
Lipuda and leads to Strongoli, 46 31. from Corigliano. a small town on a
precipitous height to the r., the ancient Poetelia, founded by Philocrates,
and after the battle of Cannse besieged by Hannibal on account of its fidelity
to Rome. The road now descends to the plain of the broad and impetuous
Nelo, crosses marshy ground and the muddy Esaro, the .L.iurus praised by-
Theocritus, and reaches (14 31.) Cotrone, a small fortress with a harbour,
lying on a promontory, the celebrated Achrean colony Croton of anti'iuity,
founded B. C. 710, once so powerful and populous that in 510 it sent an
army of 100,000 men against Sybaris. After that victory Croton began to
decline and soon afterwards sustained a defeat on the river Saeras from the
Locrians. In 299 it fell into the hands of Agathocles of Syracuse. During
its period of prosperity Pythagoras, who in his 40th year had tied from
Samos to escape from the tyrant Polycrates, resided at Croton, assembled a
band of 540 disciples and established his association, until he was banished
from this town also. His doctrines, however, continued to prevail in Croton
and the other cities of 3Iagna Graicia till the year 5tK). The environs of
Cotrone produce excellent oranges, olives and liquorice, the stable com¬
modities of the place and exported in considerable quantities. The Ancona
and 3Iessina steamboats touch here. Signore Barocco, one of the most ex¬
tensive landed-proprietors in Italy, resides in the vicinity. It may be ob¬
served that the traveller, who is so fortunate as to obtain (through his
ambassador or otherwise) an introduction to this gentleman, is provided
with a species of passport for this entire neighbourhood. 7 31. to the S.E.
is the Lacinian promontory, now Capo delle Colonne, or Capo X<t>>, once
adorned by a magnificent temple of Juno Lacinia, of which a massive Doric
column, 26 ft. in height, is still standing, in addition to the other fragments.
To the S.W. of this promontory are three others, Capo delle Ciniiti, Rizzulo
and Castella, near which the ancients placed Ogygia, the island of Calyps. ,
of which, however, no trace now remains.
The road to Catanzaro (47 31.). which possesses few attractions, int'-i-
sects these promontories, leads by t.'utro and, after crossing the rivers To-
cina, Crocchio, Simmari and Alii, proceeds to the r. inland.
Catanzaro (Giglio d'Oro), with 17,130 inhab., the capital of Calabria
Ultra II. and residence of many wealthy families, is beautifully situated and
possesses a castle of Robert Guiscard, a cathedral, velvet and silk-manu¬
factories and luxuriant olive-gardens. The town was greatly damaged by the
earthquake of 1783.
From Catanzaro by the high road to Reggio, see p. 1S4.
If the traveller now proceed to the Martini, the small harbour of Catan¬
zaro, at the influx of the Corace, and follow the coast road he reaches
(14 31.) the episcopal town of Squillace, ancient Srnl,„-euin, situated on an
inaccessible rock near the sea, nearly opposite t>. the lofty Monte Moscia,