166 Route 11. S. MARIA DI LEUCA. From Ancona
some columns which once appertained to a temple of Mercury,
which stood near the village of S. Nicola, in the vicinity of the
town. The ancient mosaics in the church were much injured by
the hoofs of the Turkish horses which were stabled in the sacred
edifice. In a chapel are preserved the bones of many of the ill-
fated victims of the Turkish onslaught.
From the ramparts of the castle in favourable weather the
coast of Epirus with its lofty mountains is visible. Communi¬
cation with Corfu is maintained by means of small boats and
A road in the vicinity of the sea leads to (9'/.i M.) the pro¬
montory of Leuca by Muro (to the r.) and Castro, situated on
a rocky eminence by the sea and therefore supposed to be iden¬
tical with the Castrum Minervae, that point of Italy which, ac¬
cording to Virgil, was first beheld by ^Eneas; then through a
succession of gardens and vineyards to Tricase, l'/-2 M. from the
sea, Alessuno, Montesardo, Patii and finally 5. Maria di Leuca,
a village on the site of the ancient Leuca, not far from the pro¬
montory of Leuca or Finisterra. This is the Promontorium la-
pygium of the ancients, the extreme point of Apulia, comman¬
ding a noble prospect. In fine weather the lofty Acroceraunian
mountains of Albania can be distinguished.
In returning the traveller may vary the route by proceeding
by Path, Presicce, Uggento, the ancient Uxentum, an episcopal
residence, and Taviuno to Gallipoli, a distance of 32'/-> M.
12. From Ancona to Naples by Pescara, Popoli,
Solmona and through the Abruzzi.
Of the principal routes which connect the E. with the W. districts of
Italy, traversing the mountains of the interior, this is one of the more
frequented and, for those proceeding southwards, the most direct. Rail¬
way from Ancona to Pescara in 5 hrs. (express in 4 hrs.); fares 16 1.
10 c, 111. 25 c, 8 1. 5 c. From Pescara to Caianiello on the Rome and
Naples line, a distance of 117 SI., D iligence daily in 24 hrs.; fare 341.
50 c. (Office at Naples in the Str. S. Brigida 15.) From Caianiello to Naples
Railway in 3 hrs.; fares 81. 80c, 71. 5c, 51. 30c.
This route traverses scenery of the most imposing character and affords
an admirable opportunity to the traveller of forming some acquaintance
with these remarkably interesting districts of Italy. The dangerous points
are guarded by the military. As far as Solmona the country has been
entirely freed from banditti. The latter portion of the route, however, is
still regarded as unsafe; but the traveller need be under no apprehensions,
as the diligence is accompanied by an escort.
A railway, which to some extent coincides with this route, is in course
of construction from Pescara to Cepra.no on the Liris, passing by Chieti,
Popoli, Solmona and the Lago di Fucino ; thence by the valley of the Liris
to the Rome and Naples line.
From Ancona to Pescara, see It. 11.