86 Route 4.
rento and Castellamare are visible, Monte Sant' Angelo, the
smoking cone of Vesuvius and the luxuriant plain at its base.
Towards the N. the eye wanders over the expansive Campania
Felix with its numerous villages , over Caserta, Maddaloni, Can¬
cello, Nola, Capua, Monte Tifata, the volcanic group of the Rocca
Monfina, the lake of Patria, Gaeta, the hills of Formiae and beyond
them Monte Circello. To the W. extends the open sea with the
islands of Ponza, Ventotene, S. Stefano and Isola delle Botte.
A precipitous path, traversing wood and rook, leads from
Camaldoli to the plain of Pianura. On the S. side of the mona¬
stery lies the village of Soccaro, beyond it Fuorigrotta, above
which rises the hill chain of S. Elmo, Vomero and Posilipo.
Environs of Naples.
The charm of Naples consists solely in the singular beauty
of its environs. The bay with its promontories and islands , and
the flourishing villages on its shores, presents new beauties at
every different point of view, and the eye never wearies in gazing
at the exquisite picture. The nature of the excursions to be un¬
dertaken from Naples must of course depend on the season of
the year and the inclination and resources of the traveller. Most
of them may be accomplished within a single day. In the more
frequented villages, however, very tolerable inns afford accom¬
modation for the night, although in the cold season they are very
inferior to the hotels of the city. Moreover a saving of time and
expenditure is effected, if the traveller is not obliged to return
to Naples every evening. During the fine season, therefore , the
independent traveller is recommended to give up his quarters at
his hotel but to leave all his superfluous luggage behind him.
The excursions to Caserta and Capua ■ (described at pp. 8 and
follg.) are most conveniently made from Naples. A visit to the
islands of Capri, Procida and Ischia cannot be recommended in
winter except in perfectly settled weather. As to the number
of the party, 2 or 4 will be found the most convenient and entail
the least expense. A careful plan should be formed before starting,
with the aid of the latest local time-tables.
With regard to the security of the roads, no apprehensions
need be entertained on much frequented routes. Before under¬
taking mountain excursions, however, or the journey to Paestum,
it is a wise precaution to give notice to the authorities, who will
readily adopt measures to ensure the safety of the traveller. The
ascent of Mt. Vesuvius is prohibited, when it is apprehended that
brigands are in the vicinity. It is advisable under all circum¬
stances, never to be unprovided with a passport.