Villa :\azwnale. .V\1'LK>. 4. Route.
are of a yellowish colour, ornamented with two rows of plants or animals
ot a brownish or black colour; the form round or oval.
2nd Room: By the window two models of tombs, which serve to
illustrate the manner in which the vases were discovered. As the orn 1
inents, weapons etc. of the deceased were deposited with his remains in tl■<•
tomb, so also were these vases which adorned his home; in some case's
however, the nature of the subjects leads to the conclusion that they were
manufactured for this express purpose. L. by the window , Battle oi' Ama¬
zons. R. by the egress, " Electra mourning at the grave of Auamemimn
5th Room: By the window, "Destruction of Trov. "Battle of Amazons
Bacchanalian sacrifice, all from Nola. '
7th Room: In the centre a large vase from Altamura, with Orpheus ii,
the infernal regions.
8th Room: In the centre the largest vase yet discovered (from Ruvoi,
with a battle of Amazons and Greeks. By the "window to the r. the cele¬
brated large vase of Darius from Canosa . Darius contemplating the con¬
quest of Greece, above is Hellas, at whose side Athene and Zeus are stan¬
ding, beneath are the Persian provinces on which subsidies are levied for
the war. with accompanying names. 1. Sacrifice for the dead of Patroclus.
In front of it, to the 1. towards the door, Archeinoros-vase. By the 1. wall
under a glass shade, " Lekythos with reliefs of Marsyas and Apollo. By the
r. wall in the corner towards the window, ' vase with representations of
The second room of the small bronzes may he entered hence,
or from the 7th saloon of the pictures I p. 76). Two lirge sa¬
loons beyond it contain
This collection comprises small statuettes, household utensils, wea¬
pons etc., most of them found at Pompeii. In extent and value it is
without rival of its kind. It merits careful inspection as serving admirably
to convey an idea of the life and habits of the ancients. The destination
of most of the objects is so evident as to require no explanation. The
most valuable objects are generally placed in the centre of the rooms.
1st Rooom: 'Candelabra from the villa of Diomedes, a small Bacchus
riding on a panther and a pilaster adorned with a mask and bucranion
(skull of an ox), on a square pedestal; the lamps hang from 4 branches;
those at present placed there are not the original. A Bisellia (seat of
honour) decorated with horses' heads, swans and inlaid silver ornaments.
A portable stove. A large kettle and iron stocks from the gladiators' bar¬
racks at Pompeii, near which three skeletons were found with their feet
inserted.— 2nd Room, weapons, helmets especially interesting, baths,'two
money-chests. In the centre a tine "tripod; two "pitchers with double
bandies. By the 1. wall two trophies of gladiators'weapons ; near the second
a helmet with a representation of the Destruction of Troy.
The modern quarter of the town, which extends W of the
Toledo and is continually on the increase, may now be described.
The * VillaNazionale, formerly Villa Reale (PI. C. D, 6), usually
termed The Villa, situated in immediate proximity to the sea.
affords the principal and one of the most beautiful promenades
at Naples. It was laid out in 17S0. considerably extended in
ISO7 and 1834, skirts the Riviera di Chiaia, and is about :l'iM.
in length, but not more than 60 yds. in breadth. The grounds