Museum. NAPLES. 4. Route. 7^
the window two comic figures, in front of them a small painted statuette
By the wall of egress, tine reliefs and statuettes of terracotta; also mould*
employed in their execution.
The central story contains the
Cum a can Collection,
purchased by the Prince of Carignano from the property left bv the Count
of Syracuse and presented to the Museum. It consists principally of vases.
terra cottas and bronzes found at Cunite. By the window of the'first room
an elegant jewel-case in wood, containing "several golden ornaments. In
the second room tables with small objects in bronze, gold and crystal; a
remarkable head in wax from a Roman tomb. Among the vases at the win¬
dow is a fine specimen of the more recent Attic stvle, representiiu: a battle
between Amazons and Greeks.
In the upper story (in the E. wing) a passage is entered,
on the 1. side of which is the Segrcteria (p. 64), and on the r.
the director's apartment. Adjoining it is the
Library of the Papyri,
discovered in a villa near Herculaneum in 1752. The rolls were completely
encrusted with carbonaceous matter, and it was only by slow degrees that
the real value of the discovery was appreciated. The thin layers of the
bark (libri) of the papyrus plant, of the breadth of one column, are pasted
together and rolled round rods; the difficulties encountered in disengaging
them may be imagined. The task was long attempted in vain, until the
Padre Piaggi invented an ingenious machine by which the difficulty was
removed. Several of these may be seen at work in the second room. Thus
a number of these libri have been by degrees unrolled. and whatever of
their contents has escaped obliteration has been published in the Yolumina
Heracleensia. The library belonged to a partizan of the Epicurean school
and the recovered MSS. are by no means of general interest. Tliey con¬
tain treatises in Greek of the Epicurean Philodemus, a contemporary of
Cicero, on nature, music, rhetoric etc. — Opp. to these rooms is the.
Collection of Engravings,
to inspect which a permission must be obtained from the custodian. This
room also contains (r.) an admirable "Bust of Dante in bronze, said to have
been taken from a cast procured from the poet's features after death. On
the walls are hung drawings and sketches by great masters , among whom
are Caravaggio, Raphael, Michael Angelo (group from the frescoes in the
Cap. Paolina at Rome) etc.
In a straight direction the visitor next enters the Fii~t
Section of the
containing master-pieces of the Italian, as well as the Neapolitan
school. The collection has recently been re-arranged. Catalogues
in each room. The 7th and 8th rooms comprise the chefs d'eeuvre,
the contents of the others are of subordinate importance.
1st Room: 5. Claude, Quay at sunset; 12. School of Raphael (Vi, Fe¬
male Portrait; 27. Sassoferrato. Adoration of the Shepherds; 28. Ruplunl,
Madonna delle Grazie. a copy; 55. R. Mengs, Ferdinand IV.; 47. Panmni,
Charles III. visiting Benedict XIV.
2nd Room: 1. Bernardo Strozzi, Portrait of a Capuchin; 9. School of
Corrcggio, Head as a study.