Museum. NAPLES. 4. Route. 71
a relief: Nymph repelling a Satyr. Adjacent, to the r., Attic tomb, archaic
style. On the walls numerous smaller marble reliefs, among which the
round discs are especially interesting, which in the ancient colonnades
hung down between the pillars. In the centre a large basin of porphyry.
At the outlet to the 1. a relief: Hermes conducts Eurydice back to Tar¬
tarus after she had been released by Orpheus. In the middle of the pas¬
sage, near the outlet: Agrippina sitting, wife of Germanicus. Farther on,
by the wall: Alexander Severus ; Hadrian ; Lucius Verus ; Nero; Caracalla;
the young Caligula; Hannibal (?); the young Nero; Nerva; Britannicus.
The third door leads into a court, occupied, like that oppo¬
site , with reliefs, statues and architectural fragments, many of
which merit the inspection of connoisseurs. Thence to the
Gallery of Inscriptions
(Galleria lapidaria or Sala del toro),
generally accessible from the second room of the ancient paintings only
(p. 66). The vestibule , as well as the principal hall, contains a valuable
collection of Latin inscriptions and a few Oscan; also mural inscriptions
from Pompeii, some incised (grajiti), others painted (dipinti). The whole
collection is arranged geographically in accordance with the principles laid
down in the admirable work of Mommsen (Leipzic, 1852), which has con¬
stituted a new era in the science of epigraphy. Besides these, tho the 1. by
the window, a statue of Tiberius; by the wall opp., to the 1., Atreus with
the son of Thyestes (?)• Farther back, 1., the celebrated group of the '"Far¬
nese bull, the work of the Rhodian sculptors Apollonius and Tauriscus, once
the property of Asinius Pollio, found in a mutilated state at the Thermae
of Caracalla at Rome. The restoration was superintended by Michael An-
gelo. The new portions are the head of the bull, the Antiope with the ex¬
ception of the feet, the upper portions of the Dirce, and a great part of the
Amphion and Zethus. The two sons of Antiope, Amphion and Zethus,
avenge the wrongs of their mother by binding to the horns of a wild bull
Dirce who had succeeded in withdrawing the allegiance of Lycus from An¬
tiope. The latter, in the background, exhorts them to forgiveness, and not
In vain. The boldness and life of the group , originally cut from one solid
block of marble, is equalled in no other sculpture of the same character.
Opp., on the r. side of the room, stands the so-called "'Farnese Hercules,
also from the Thermae of Caracalla; at first the legs were wanting, a defi¬
ciency supplied by della Porta; 20 years later the genuine missing portions
were discovered, presented by Prince Borghese to the king of Naples and
restored to the statue. According to the inscription, it is the work of the
Athenian Glycon and was executed under the early emperors.
From this hall a stair-case descends to the
The first room contains inscriptions built into the walls, from
the catacombs of Rome and Naples. — The Egyptian antiquities
-were greatly augmented by the purchase of the collection of Car¬
dinal Borgia at Velletri.
2nd Room. In the centre, Serapis, found in the vestibule of the Sera-
peum at Pozzuoli. Isis, a marble statuette from the temple of Isis at Pom¬
peii holding a sistrum and the kevs of the Nile , with interesting traces of
gilding and painting. By the narrow wall, Horus with dog's head. The
cabinets contain a valuable collection of small statuettes.
3rd Room. Egvptian priest, so-called Pastophorus , in black basalt.
Bv the walls six glass-cabinets with a variety of trinkets etc. R. of the
entrance, the second immured tablet is the so-called ^Tablet of Isis , from