70 Route 4.
This, according to the inscription, the work of Salpion of Athens, was found
at Formia, and long served as font in the cathedral at Gaeta. Beneath this
vase a fountain-coping, with 7 deities: Jupiter, Mars, Apollo, .Hsculapius,
Bacchus, Hercules, Mercury. In the walls near the window 2 small reliefs,
1. "Apollo with the Graces (?), r. 7 female figures, with accompanying
names, a dance; the three Graces (Euphrosyne, Aglaia, Thalia); then Ismene,
Cycais, and Eranno, probably three nymphs, and another smaller statue of
Telonnesus, probably the name of a town.
6. The Venus Room contains a series of mediocre statues of Venus.
In the centre Cupid around whom a dolphin is coiled. Adonis. A Venus
and Cupid on the enclosure of a fountain, which is adorned with a represen¬
tation of wine-pressing.
7. Hall ofthe Flora. To the left, "Athene, both arms new; breast
and back concealed by the aegis, helmet on the head with a sphynx, on
each side a Pegasus. In the centre the "Farnese Flora from the Thermae
of Caracalla at Rome. Head and limbs were replaced by Giacomo della
Porta, subsequently by Albaccini and Taglioni, and it is not improbable
that the statue originally represented a Venus. To the right, Juno. In
front the ""Mosaic of the battle of Issus. This, the almost only historical
representation of antiquity which we now possess, was found in the house
of the Faun at Pompeii. It represents the battle at the moment when
Alexander, whose helmet has fallen from his head, charges Darius with his
cavalry, and transfixes the general of the Persians who has fallen from his
wounded horse. The chariot of the Persian monarch is prepared for retreat,
when in the foreground a Persian of rank, in order to ensure the more
speedy escape of the king, who is absorbed in thought at the sight of his
expiring general, offers him his horse.
8. Atlas Room. In the centre the kneeling figure of Atlas with the
globe, the head new; date prior to Hadrian. To the right, statue of an
orator. The nomenclature of many of the busts is uncertain. Socrates,
Euripides, Lycurgus, Homer (head modern), Apollonius, Solon, Seneca, male
portrait-statue. By the wall of the egress, female robed statue with modern
head; Antisthenes. R. of the door, Zeno. Daughter of Niobe. Window Wall,
Euripides. Bearded Dionysus (erroneously termed Plato). Archimedes.
9. Tiberius Room. In the centre a colossal bust of Tiberius, on a
pedestal from Pozzuoli, with reliefs representing 14 towns of Asia Minor
which Tiberius re-erected after an earthquake; the names in Greek charac¬
ters are inscribed under each figure. Adjacent, to the r., the double statue
of Herodotus and Thucydides; to the 1. a second double statue. Then two
candelabra and two vases with Bacchanalian representations. R. of the
entrance a bust of Bacchus. A consular statue. So-called "Vestal bust.
R. wall, Indian Bacchus; Concordia; bust of Themistocles (V); bust of
Vespasian. Wall of the egress: head of Hercules; "head of Alexander; head
of Jupiter from the temple of Jupiter at Pompeii. "Head of Juno, an
austere ancient work, most probably a copy of the Juno ideal conceived by
Polycletes. Another head of Juno, between which and the former an in¬
structive comparison may be drawn. Terence; Varro (both doubtful); bust
of Hesiod, erroneously termed Homer.
10. "Room of the painted statuettes. The most interesting ob¬
ject here is the small "Artemis from Pompeii (imitation of the most ancient
style) in the centre, bearing many traces of colouring; then a crane devouring
a lizard. Busts of Antoninus Pius and his consort. Along the walls in cabi¬
nets many small figures, busts and reliefs, interesting from their colouring.
The 2nd corridor is now entered and then to the 1. the :
11. "Third Passage, containing for the most part inferior busts of
the emperors. On the right: Drusus; Lepidus; Antonia the younger; Ha¬
drian ; Vespasian ; Titus ; Maxiniin; Heliogabalus; Galba; Hadrian ; Vitel-
lius; Julia; Antoninus Pius; Lucilla; Domitian. On the opp. side: Cara¬
calla; Nero; Trajan; Lucius Verus; Probus; Nero; Caligula; Tiberius;
barbarian bust. To the r. in a side-room, on the r. side of the entrance