26 Route 4. NAPLES. Arrival.
The drive from the station tothehotel on the Chiaia
(p. 27) or S. Lucia affords the traveller an opportunity of for¬
ming an idea of the topography of the town (comp. the plan).
Driving towards the harbour, the carriage soon turns to the r.
into the cross-street del Carmine with the church of that name,
where Conradin is interred, and enters the Piazza del Mercato.
This is left to the r.; the carriage drives past the church del
Carmine, crosses a small square, and by the Porta del Carmine
reaches the harbour. Here a view is obtained of the S. side of
the bay, of M. Somnia and Vesuvius, at the base of which lie
Portici, Resina and Torre del Greco, so close together as almost
to be united; beyond is the peninsula of Sorrento, which sepa¬
rates the bay from that of Salerno to the S. and is traversed by
the lofty Monte Santangelo; opposite the harbour lies the grotes¬
quely-shaped rocky island of Capri. In front of the traveller
extends the long line of building which skirt the harbour, bounded
by the hill Posilipo and commanded by Fort S. Elmo. The car¬
riage now proceeds along the Strada Nuova, on the animated
shore. Further on, diverging to the 1. and passing round the Porto
Piccolo or small-boat harbour, the traveller reaches the Porto
Grande, enclosed by breakwaters. Contiguous to it, separated by
a molo, is the naval harbour with the arsenal and Castel Nuovo.
Thence to the r., through the broad Strada del Molo, enclosed
on the 1. by the fort and to the r. by a number of theatres,
booths etc. The Piazza del Municipio (formerly Largo del Castello~)
is next traversed in its entire length. Contiguous is the Strada
S. Carlo, with the royal palace and garden in front of it, and
farther on is the theatre of S. Carlo. The square in front of the
latter is the focus of the traffic of the city: in a straight di¬
rection from it runs the Strada delta Chiaia, to the r. the Toledo,
the principal street. To the 1. the large Piazza del Flebiscito
(formerly Largo del Palazzo Reale) is entered; to the 1. the pa¬
lace , to the r. the church of S. Francesco di Paola surmounted
by a dome and approached by a semicircular portico; in front of
it the equestrian statues of Charles III. and Ferdinand I. of
Bourbon. Hence by the Strada del Gigante, below which to the
1. is the arsenal, the shore is again reached (to the 1. Hotel de
Rome). The picturesque Strada S. Lucia, above which towers the
rocky height of Pizzofalcone, is now traversed, leading to Chiata-
mone at the foot of Pizzofalcone, where to the 1. Castel dell' Ovo
projects into the sea. Thence to the Largo delta Vittoria, near
which is the entrance to the Villa Reale, the principal promenade
of Naples, extending a considerable distance along the coast. The
street parallel to the promenade is the Riviera di Chiaia, usually
termed Chiaia, the continuation of which, the Mergellina, leads
to the Posilipo and farther to Pozzuoli.