24 Route 3. S. SEVERA.
On the road from Sant' Agata to Sparanisi the village of
Cascano is passed. 3J/2 M- beyond which a path to the 1. leads
to Teano (see p. 8). The road then crosses the Savone , in the
vicinity of the picturesque castle of Francolisi, and (IV2 M.}
reaches the railway - station of Sparanisi (see p. 8), whence
Naples is reached by railway via Capua in 21/i hrs.
The old post-route from Sparanisi to Capua (9l/2 M.) then
leads to Aversa (lO1^ M.) with an establishment for orphans and
a lunatic asylum, a small town probably occupying the site of the
ancient Atella, where the Fabula Atellana, or early Roman co¬
medy, first originated, and in 1029 the first settlement i of the
afterwards so powerful Normans. In the palace of Aversa, Sept.
18th. 1345, king Andreas of Hungary, husband of queen Johanna I.
of Naples, was murdered by Niccolo Acciajuoli. The light and
somewhat sour wine of Aversa, called Asprino, is frequently met
with at Naples. From Aversa to Naples (9J/2 M.), to which a
railway now leads, a fertile plain, destitute of view, is traversed -r
the city is not seen until almost attained.
3. From Rome to Naples by sea.
Railway from Rome to Civita Vecchia, expr. in 2, ordinary trains ira
41 2 hrs.; fares 2 sc. 3 baj. and 1 sc. 30baj. The railway-station is often a
scene of great confusion; the traveller should be there 1/2 hr. before the
train starts. Passports are vise (comp. p. 1) by the ambassador (of the
traveller's nationality) and the Roman police (1 sc).—Steamers. The
best and in every respect most comfortable are those of the Messageries
Impiriales (office: V. della fontanella Borghese 45), which arrive from
Leghorn early on Sundays and Wednesdays and after a halt of 2—4 hrs.
proceed to Naples, the former on its route to Messina. The voyage to
Naples occupies about 12—14 hrs.; cabin-fare 48, steerage 33 1. Besides
these (comp. local time-tables at the hotels) the steamboats of the com¬
panies Valery Freres et Co. (office: Rosati V. Condotti 91) and Marc Frais-
sinet P'ere et Fils (office: Sebasti P. Nicosia 43) start for Naples several
times weekly (comp. Part. I. of this Handbook, and p. 33). The Italian
mail-steamers do not touch at Civitavecchia. — Omnibus from the station at
Civitavecchia to the town 5 baj. One horse carr. from the station to the
harbour 10, with luggage 15 baj. Porter to the town: 8 baj. for each box,
thence to the harbour 5 baj. Boat to the steamer 91(2 baj. CI2 1-), travelling
bag half as much more according to the tariff.
On emerging from the harbour the steamer affords a
beautiful retrospect of Civitavecchia. Towards the S. the coast of
the papal dominions is somewhat monotonous; with the excep¬
tion of a few hills, spacious plains extend as far as the horizon.
In clear weather the dome of St. Peter's at Rome is said to be
visible. In the bay to the S. of Capo Linaro lies S. Serera, and
beyond it Palo with its palace. At the influx of the Tiber,
Fiumicino and Ostia; farther on Porto d'Anzio, in the background
the Alban and Volscian mountains. The dreary aspect of the