to Naples. CANCELLO. /. Route. H
royal family. The palace is at present unoccupied. The Garden
contains magnificent fountains and cascades and handsome statues.
The grand terrace above the cascade affords beautiful points of
view. The Casino Reale di S. Lucia, situated in the park, about
2 M. to the N., commands a still finer prospect.
Caserta is a station of the new railway from Naples M Bene-
vento-Foggia (R. 13).
Stat. Maddaloni; the town (17,798 inhab.) lies to the 1., with
an extensive and deserted palace of the Caraffa family, and com¬
manded by a ruined castle. At a distance of 2'/.> M. is situated
the Ponti delta Valle, constructed by Vanvitelli, an aqueduct up¬
wards of 200 ft. in height, consisting of 3 different stories. It
supplies the gardens of Caserta with water and extends to a
distance of 24 M. An agreeable excursion to it may be made from
Stat. Cancello, whence a branch line diverges to Nola and
San Severino (p. 12).
From Cancello to Benevento (27 M.) diligence in 4 his.; fare
4 1. (railway from Caserta to Benevento s. R. 13). The much frequented
road, still, however, guarded by a military patrol, skirts the base of the
hills, passes through S. Felice and enters the valley where the long village
of Arienzo nestles amidst gardens and groves of olives and oranges. It then
leads through a narrow defile, considered by many to be identical with
the Furculse Caudinse, which proved so disastrous to the fortunes of Rome,
and ascends to the village of Arpaia (the ancient Caudium according to
some); it then traverses a well-cultivated valley and reaches the small
town of Montesarchio (change of horses), with its extensive castle, once
the residence of the d'Avalos family. This edifice has recently served as
a state prison, in which, among others, the well-known Poerio (d. 1867)
was confined. Towards the N. rises the lofty chain of Monte Tabvrno.
From this point a path leads by the base of Monte Vergine to Avellino, a
walk of 4 hrs. The traveller then crosses the Sarretella by a Roman bridge
and approaches Benevento by an avenue of poplars; the road crosses the
Sabato, with fields and gardens on either side. Benevento s. R. 13.
To the 1. Monte Somma becomes visible, concealing the cone
of Vesuvius which lies beyond. Stat. Acerra (11,000 inhab.) was
the ancient Acerrae, to which the Roman citizenship was accorded
as early as B. C. 332. The train next passes by the trenches of the
Regi Lagni, destined to drain the marshes of the Pantano dell'
Acerra, the ancient Clanius, now V Agno, and forming the boun¬
dary between the provinces of Terra di Lavoro and Naples. The>
last station before Naples is reached is Casalnuovo; to the 1.
Vesuvius becomes visible. The station at Naples is at the S.E.
extremity of the town. Arrival in Naples, see p. 25.
The branch railway from Cancello (see above) to Nola skirts
the Apennines and traverses the Campanian plain, passing by Nola, Palma,
Sarno, Codola, S. Giorgio and San Severino. There are 4 trains daily from
Naples on this line; to Nola in !■'« Ur. (1st cl. 2 1. 25 c.; 2nd cl. 1 1. 70c;
3rd cl. 75 c.) ; to S. Severino 2\-: hrs. (1st cl. 4 1. 30 c. ; 2nd cl. 3 1. &> c;
3rd cl. 1 1. 50 cl.