S Route 1.
manded by the rocky summits of the Abruzzi. To the N. a wild
mountainous district. Nearest to the monastery rises Monte Cairo,
upwards of 5000 ft. in height, which may be ascended from this
point in 3—4 hrs., an excursion, however, hardly to be recom¬
mended during the present unsettled state of the country. The
view from the summit is considered one of the finest in Italy,
extending from M. Cavo in the Alban range to Camaldoli near
Proceeding on his journey to Naples, the traveller per¬
ceives to the 1. beyond S. Germano the villages of Cervaro, S. Vit-
tore and S. Pietro in Fine. Stat. Rocca d'Evandro. The train
quits the valley of the Garigliano, the scenery becomes more
mountainous and desolate; beyond the defile a more cultivated
district is traversed, and stat. Mignano becomes visible.
The line now intersects in a S. direction a barren, undulating
tract, which separates the Garigliano from the Volturno. Stat.
Presenzano (the village lies on the slope to the 1.); then Caia-
niello Vairano, whence a high road leads through the Abruzzi to
Pescara on the Gulf of Venice (R. 12), and to Aquila and Terns
(R. 14). Stat. Riardo.
Stat. Teano (Loeanda dell' Italia); the town (5000 inhah.)
lies at some distance to the r., at the base of the lofty Rocca
Monfina, an extinct volcano (3200 ft.). The very extensive, but
dilapidated old castle was erected in the 15th cent, by the dukes
of Sessa. Ancient columns in the cathedral, inscriptions, remnants
of a theatre and other antiquities are the sole remains of the
venerable Teanum Sidicinum, once the capital of the Sidicini,
conquered by the Samnites in the 4th cent. B. C, then subjugated
by the Romans, and in Strabo's time the most flourishing inland
city of Campania after Capua.
From Teano the line turns to the r. towards stat. Sparanisi?
a village whence a road leads to Gaeta (p. 22). On the hill, to
the 1. of the station, is situated Calvi, the ancient Cales, the
wine of which (vinum Calenum) is praised by Horace. It now
consists of but a few houses, but contains some interesting anti¬
quities, a temple and a theatre. Stat. Pignataro. The train now
traverses the plain of the Volturno, the principal river of S. Italy,
90 M. in length, and reaches stat.
Capua (Loeanda delta Posta, tolerable; Cafe Italia). The
town, of whose ramparts and churches a glimpse only is obtained
in passing, lies on the 1. bank of the river, by which the greater
part of it is surrounded. It was erected in the 9th cent., after
the destruction of the ancient Capua, on the site of Casilinum,
a town conquered by Hannibal, after an obstinate resistance, and
which had fallen to decay in the time of the emperors. It now
contains a popul. of 10,000, is an archiepiscopal residence and