4 Route I.
examined (gratis), which usually occasions considerable confusion,
or they are restored to their owners, as the case may be, in re¬
turn for the rincontro di passaporto (comp. p. 1). Passengers
arriving here from Naples also exhibit their passports, and smaller
articles of luggage are inspected: the principal examination takes
place at Rome. At a short distance from the station, which lies
in a hollow, a pleasing glimpse is obtained of the valleys of the
Liris and the Tolero. The town of Ceprano (Loeanda Nuova) is
l3/4 M. from the station.
The line now crosses the Liris, which descends from the N.
from the vicinity of the Lago Fucino (p. 15), forming the boun¬
dary of the States of the Church. After proceeding slowly for a
few minutes more, the train reaches stat. Isoletta, an insignifi¬
cant place with a tolerable loeanda, where passports are exhibited,
minor articles of luggage scrutinized, and carriages changed. Halt
of 15 min. In the vicinity, on the r. bank of the Liris, beyond
S. Giovanni in Carico, once lay the ancient Fregellae , a Roman
colony founded B. C. 328, a point of great military importance,
as it commanded the passage of the river. It was destroyed by
the Romans B. C. 125, in consequence of an insurrection, and
Fabrateria Xova founded in its place. A number of antiquities
have been found in the Giardino Cayro, at the village of S.
Giovanni in Carico, 3 M. from the station.
The line now traverses the broad and fertile valley of the
Liris, or Garigliano, as it is termed after its union with the
Sacco. Stat. Rocca Secca. Excursion to the Valley of the Liris
and Lago Fucino s. p. 13. The picturesque town on the hills to
the 1. is the birthplace of Thomas Aquinas,
(stat.) Aquino, the Aquinum of the ancients, also celebrated
as the birthplace of the satirist Juvenal (under Domitian). The
illustrious "doctor angelicus?', son of Count Landdulf, was born
in 1224 in the neighbouring castle of Rocca Secca and educated
in the monastery of Monte Casino (p. 6). The emperor Pescen-
nius Niger was also a native of Aquinum.
The now insignificant town is situated on a mountain stream,
in a beautiful and salubrious district. At the side of the Via
Latina the relics of the ancient Roman town may be distinguished:
inconsiderable fragments of walls, a gateway (Porta S. Lorenzo),
a theatre, remnants of temples of Ceres (S. Pietro) and Diana
(S. Maria Maddalena) and a triumphal arch. Near the stream the
ruins of a basilica of the 11th cent., S. Maria Libera, commonly
railed il Ve.irovado, occupying the site of an ancient temple.
It consists of handsome nave and aisles, above the portal a well-
preserved Madonna in mosaic.
About 3 M. to the S. of Aquino lies Pontecorvo, a small town and
principality, formerly appertaining to Monte Casino, afterwards to the pope,