to Xaplt.s. CEPRANO. /. Route. 3
' arpineto. Next stat. Ferentino. The town of that name lies on
the hill (1360 ft.) to the 1., 3 M. from the line.
Ferentino (Hotel des Etrangers), the ancient Ferentinum, a
town of the Volsei, afterwards of the Hernici, destroyed in the
2nd Punic war, subsequently a Roman colony, has a popul. of
about 6000. The ancient polygonal town-wall may still be traced
in almost its entire circumference; a gateway on the W. side
especially deserves notice-. The castle, whose walls now form the
foundation of the episcopal palace, occupies the highest ground
within the town. The cathedral is paved with remnants of an¬
cient marbles and mosaics. The font in the small church of
.$. Giovanni Evangelista is ancient. Interesting antiquities and
inscriptions will also be observed in other parts of the town.
Higher up among the mountains, 9'|i M. from Ferentino and about the
same distance from Frosinonc (see below) and Anagni, lies the town of
Alatri, the ancient Aletrimu, picturesquely situated on an eminence and
affording an admirably preserved specimen of the fortifications of an an¬
cient city. The * walls of the castle , constructed of huge polygonal blocks,
are still standing entire; the gateway attracts special attention on account
of the stupendous dimensions of the stones of which it is composed. The
town with its gates occupies the exact site of the ancient town. Below it
the direction of the walls may be traced. The town and castle were pro¬
vided with an aqueduct, recently discovered and about to be restored. This
work testifies to the perfection which art had attained in ancient times, for
the water must have been forced upwards from the valley from a depth
of 330 ft.
At a distance of 3 II. is the celebrated " Grotla di Collepardo, extending
upwards of 2000 ft. into the limestone rock, with beautiful stalactites.
One mile farther, at the base of the mountain-range which hounds the
papal dominions, an extensive depression of the soil is observed, II Pozn.
d'Antullo, '|3 M. in circuinf. and 200 ft. in depth, overgrown with bushes
About 6 M. from Alatri, towards the Neapolitan frontier, is situated
Veroli, the ancient Verulae, on a beautiful hill. A road leads thence to
Isola and Sora (see p. 14).
Next stat. Frosinone. The town (Locanda de Matleis), si¬
tuated on the heights, 2'/2 M. frem the railway, is capital of a
"delegation" and has a popul. of 8000. It is identical with the
ancient Volscian Frusino, conquered by the Romans B. C. 304.
Relics of antiquity (walls, amphitheatre) are inconsiderable; the
situation is strikingly beautiful.
Stat. Ceccano. The village is picturesquely situated on the
mountain slope, on the r. bank of the Sacco, the valley of which
now contracts. At the base of the mountain, to the 1. of the
river, once lay the ancient Fabrateria }'ctus, numerous inscriptions
from which are built into the walls of the church by the bridge.
A road leads from Ceccano over the mountains to Piperno and
Terracina (p. 19).
Stat. Castro Pofi; then the frontier station Ceprano. (Change
of carriages. Halt of 40 min.) Here passports are either again