1. From Rome to Naples.
Railway by Velletri, San Germano and Capua.
Two main roads (sea-route R. 3) lead from Rome to Naples. one along
the coast by Terracina (R. 2), the ancient Via Appia; the other through the
valley of the Sacco and Garigliano, the Via Latina; both uniting near
Capua. The Railway (finest views generally to the 1.), completed in 1862
(140 M. in length), is now the most important means of communication
between Central and Southern Italy. Time of journey 9 hrs.; fares by the
direct trains: 1st cl. 34 1. 75 c, 2nd cl. 261.; by the indirect trains: 1st cl.
31 1. 70 c., 2nd cl. 23 1. 85 c., 3rd cl. 15 1. 16 c. There are two direct
trains in each direction between Rome and Naples daily, which make short
stoppages at the principal stations only. A slow train also leaves Rome
for the frontier stat. C'eprano (p. 3), a second for Velletri; two from Naples
for the frontier stat. Isoletta (p. 4), and four others for Capua. Travellers
who desire to break their journey may avail themselves of these trains,
wrhich are intended principaily for local traffic.
The railway-station at Rome is confined. The train for Naples is ge¬
nerally crowded. Booking the luggage is a tedious process. It is examined
by the Custom-house officers at the station at Naples. Those who have
luggage should be at the station i|2 hr. before the train starts, and will do
well to secure the services of a railway-porter with a few bajocchi. Pass¬
ports, furnished with the necessary visa and that of the papal police (51.),
are shown on entering the waiting-room, or given up in return for a rin-
contro di passaporto. They are restored to their owners at the frontier stat.
Ceprano, where they are again examined (gratis) as the papal dominions
are quitted. On entering the Italian states at stat. Isoletta, passengers are
merely asked to show their passports.
On leaving the city, the train passes S. Maria Maggiore and
diverges from the Civita Vecchia line; 1. the Porta S. Lorenzo,
r. the arches of the Acqua Felice and the ruined Aqua Marcia,
beyond them the tombs of the Via Appia. The Sabine and Alban
mountains rise on the 1.; at the base of the latter Frascati. Stat.
Ciampino, where the branch line to Frascati diverges to the 1.,
whilst the Southern line approaches the Alban Mountains. Stat.
Marino lies on a chain of hills to the 1.; above it, on the
mountain, Rocca di Papa, to the r. of which is the Monte Cavo
with the white walls of the monastery. A cutting is now passed
through; then to the 1. on an olive-planted eminence, Castel
Gandolfo becomes visible; immediately afterwards, Albano and
Ariccia are seen in the distance to the 1., eonnected by a via-
Baedekfr. Italy III. 2d. Edition.