0¿Jb Route 64. FLORENCE. f. From Piazza del Duomo
exquisite stone-mosaic. A new floor was begun in 1888. — A sum of
22 million lire (about 880,000L) was expended by the Medici family on the
construction and decoration of this chapel.
The **Hew Sacristy (Sagrestia Nuova; admission, see p. 464;
50 c), built by Miehael Angelo for Cardinal Giulio de' Medici (who
became Pope Clement VIL in 1523) in 1520-24, as a mausoleum
for the house of the Medici, is a simple quadrangular edifice sur-
mounted by a dome and articulated by pilasters, canopies, and re¬
cesses. In form it corresponds with the oíd sacristy by Brunelleschi.
The sculptures with which it waB to have been fllled (monuments
to Lorenzo the Magniflcent and his brother Giuliano, Popes Leo X.
and Clement VIL, and to the younger Giuliano and Lorenzo de'
Medici) have been confined to the monuments of the two last-named,
Giuliano de' Medici (d. 1516), created Due de Nemours by the King
of France, and Lorenzo de' Medici (d. 1519), who became Duke
of Urbino under Leo X. The great master worked at his task full
of bitter feelings at the abolition of the republic by Alessandro de'
Medici, and in 1534 left it unfinished, as he feared the tyrant's
hate after the death of the Pope. In spite of these unfavourable cir-
cumstances Miehael Angelo has here produced a congruons whole of
the greatest beauty. Architecture and sculpture are as harmoniouB
as if the master had modelled sarcophagi and statues, cornices and
niches, doors and windows out of one and the same clay.
On the right is the 'Monument of Giuliano de' Medici, who is re¬
presented as General of the Church, holding the commander's baton
in his hand. Full of proud confidence and energy he gazes before him,
ready to start up at the approach of danger. Below is the sarcophagus,
containing the remains of the deceased and adorned by the 'Statues of
Day and Night, the latter especially admired. A contemporary poet, Gio¬
vanni Battista Strozzi, wrote upon it the lines:
La Notte, che tu vedi in si dolci atli
'Tis Night, in deepest slumber; all
She sleeps (for Angelo divine did give
This stone a soul), and, since she
sleeps, must live.
You doubt it? Wake her, she will
speak to thee.
Miehael Angelo, in allusion to the suppression of political liberty
(see above), answered:
Dormiré, fu da un Angelo scolpita
In questo sasso, e perché dorme ha
Deslala, se no'l credi, e parleratti.
Grato m' é'l sonno e piü l'esser di
Mentre che'l danno e la vergogna dura
Non veder, non sentir m' é gran ven¬
Perb non mi destar; deh 1 parla basso 1
Ah! glad am I to sleep in stone,
And diré disgrace rage unreprovéd
A happy chance to neither see ñor
So wake me not! When passing,
Comp. Swinburne's fine sonnet 'In San Lorenzo', beginning 'Is thine
hour come to wake, O slumbering Night?'
Opposite is the 'Monument of Lorenzo de' Medici, who in contrast
to Giuliano is represented in profound meditation (henee called il \pen-
íieroso); below it his sarcophagus, which contains also the body of Duke
Alessandro, assassinated in 1537, with 'Statues of Evening and Dawn
(Crepúsculo ed Aurora). The original significance which Miehael Angelo