Chief Sights. FLORENCE. 64. Route. 465
Miníalo (pp. 549, 550). — 2nd Day. Morning: Or San Michele (p. 476);
Piazza del Duomo, with the Baptistery, Cathedral, and Campanile (pp. 477-
481); M'iseo di Santa Maria del Fiore (p. 482). Afternoon: Fiesole (p. 554). —
3rdDay. Morning: Santa Croce (p.505); MuseoNuzionule (p.499). Afternoon;
Archaeological Museum (p. 511); Santissima Annunziata (p. 510). — 4th Day.
Morning: Pal. Riccardi (p. 517); S. Marco and the monastery (p. 518),
Academy (p. 520). Afternoon: 5a» Lorenzo (p. 526) with the New Sacristy
(p. 52S); Santa Maria Novella (p. 529); the Cascine (p. 552). — 5th Day.
Morning: Pal. Strozzi (p. 5321, Via Tornabuoni, and Piazza Santa Trinita
(p. 533); Santo Spirito (p. 533); Pitti Gallery fp. 538). Afternoon: Santa Maria
del Carmine (p. 537); Boboli Garden (p. 546). — In summer an excursión
should be made to Vallombrosa (p. 558).
For farther details than this Handbook affords, visitors may be referred
to the Misses Horner's 'Walks in Florence', W. D. Howells' 'Tuscan Cities'
(including 'A Florentine Mosaic'), GrantAllen's 'Florence', Hare's 'Florence',
Edmund G. Gardner's 'Story of Florence' (London, 1900), Ruskin's 'Mornings
in Florence', and Mrs. Oliphant's 'Makers of Florence'. See also 'The First
Two Centuries of the History of Florence', by Prof. Pasquale Villari,
'Romola', by George Eliot, 'Literary Landmaiks of Florence', by Laurence
Hutton (1897), 'Tuscan and Venetian Artists', by Hope Rea (2nd ed.; London,
1904), 'The Florentine Painters of the Renaissance', by Bernhard Berenson,
and 'Echoes of Oíd Florence', by Leader Scott (2nd edit., 1901).
Florence, formerly the capital of the Grand-Duchy of Tuscany,
in 1865-71 that of the Kingdom of Italy, and now that of the
province of its own ñame, the seat of an archbishop, and the head-
quarters of the 8th Italian army-corps, ranks with Rome, Naples, and
Venice as one of the most attractive towns in Italy. While in ancient
times Rome was the grand centre of Italian development, Florence
has since the middle ages superseded it as the focus of intellectual
life. The modern Italian language and literature have emanated
chiefly from Florence, and the flne arts also attained the zenith of
their glory here. An amazing profusión of treasures of art, such as
no other locality possesses within so narrow limits, reminiscences
of a history which has influenced the whole of Europe, perpetuated
by numerous and imposing monuments, and lastly the delightful
environs of the city combine to render Florence one of the most
interesting and attractive places in the world.
'Who can describe the enchanting view of this art-city of Tuscany
and the world, Florence, with its surrounding gardens? who paint the
distant horizon, from Fiesole smiling at us with its fair towers, to the
bine ridge of the Lucca Mountains standing out against the golden back¬
ground of the western sky? Here everything betrays the work of gen-
eration after generation of ingenious men. Like a water-lily rising on
the mirror of the lake, so rests on this lovely ground the still more lovely
Florence, with its everlasting works and its inexhaustible riches. From
the bold airy tower of the palace, rising like a slender naast, to Brunel-
leschi's wondrous dome of the Cathedral, from the oíd house of the Spini
to the Pitti Palace, the most imposing the world has ever seen, from the
garden of the Franciscan convent to the beautiful environs of the Cascine,
all are full of incomparable grace. Each street of Florence contains a world
of art; the walls of the city are the calyx containing the fairest flowers
of the human mind; — and this is but the richest gem in the diadem
with which the Italian people have adorned the earth.' (Leo).
Florence (170 ft.), Italian Firenze, formerly Fiorenza, from the
Latin Florentia, justly entitled 'la bella', is situated in 43°46' N.
latitude, and 11°21' E. longitude, on both bants of the Amo, an in-
Baedeker. Italy I. 13th Edit. 30