Notes. FLORENCE. 6J. Route. 463
for boys (headmaster, Mr. G. B. Begg), Via Santa Reparata 111. — English
High School and International Instilute, for Girls (principal, Mrs. A. Wolf-
Mengazzi), Villa Pepoli, Via Colletto 2.
English Churches. Holy Trinity (Pl. H, 2), Via La Marmora, behind
S. Marco; services at 8.30, 11, 12.15, 4.45, and 5 (Rev. A. Knollys). — St.
Mark's Anglo-Catholic Church, Via Maggio 18; services at 8.30, 11, 12.15, 4.45,
and 5 (Rev. H. Tanner). — American Episcopal Church (SI. James), Piazza del
Carmine 11; services at 8. 30,11, 3.15 (litany), and 3.30 (Rev. H. A. Ven¬
ables). — Presbyterian Service, Lungarno Guicciardini 11; at 11 and 3 (Rev.
A. S. Mactavish). — Waldensian Service (p.44; Italian), on Sundays atll a.m.
in the Palazzo Salviati, Via dei Serragli 51. — Church of St. Joseph (for
English-speaking Catholics), Via S. Caterina. — New Jerusalem Church
(English service), Piazza Beccaria.
Clubs. Florence Club (English), Via Borgognissanti 5; Circolo dell'
Unione, Via Tornabuoni 7; Italian Alpine Club, Via Tornabuoni 4.
Theatres (comp. p. xxiv). 'Teatro della Pérgola (Pl. G, 5), erected
in 1638, remodelled in 1857, Via della Pérgola 12, for operas and ballet,
representations during a few months only in winter (adm. 3 fr.; box-office,
Via del Corso 7, Pl. F, 5); Niccolini (Pl. F, 4), Via Ricasoli 8, plays; Verdi
(Pl. F, G, 6), Via Guiseppe Verdi, operas and ballet; Politeama Florentino
(Pl. B, 2), Corso Vitt. Emanuele; Politeama Nazionale (Pl. E, 3), Via Nazionale,
operettas, comedies, and equestrian performances. — Alhambra (Pl. I, 6, 7),
Piazza Beccaria, variety theatre.
Popular Festivals. On the eve of the Feasl of Epiphany (Befana;
Jan. 6th) the 'Street Arabs' perambulate the streets with horns, torches,
and shouting, and the feast itself is celebrated by a universal exchange
of presents. — During the Curnival several 'Veglioni' or masked balls are
held. — On Good Friday there is a procession in Renaissance costumes in
the village of Grassina, in the Erna valley (omn. from the Vico del Corno,
behind the Palazzo Vecchio). — Saturday before Easter. 'Lo Scoppio del
Carro', a chariot laden with íireworks, is driven to the front of the cathe¬
dral, and its contents ignited about noon by a rocket in the shape of a
dove ('Colombina'), which descends from the high-altar along a string.
The 'dove' is ignited during the 'Gloria' on a stone from the Holy Sepulchre,
said to have been brought to Florence by Pazzo de' Pazzi in 1099. Its course
is watched with great interest by the thousands of country people assembled
in the piazza, as its regularity or irregularity is supposed to presage a
good or a bad harvest respectively. The car is then dragged by four white
oxen (from the dairy-farm in the Cascine) to the Via del Proconsolo, and
the remaining íireworks are let off at the Canto de' Pazzi (p. 504). — On
Ascensión Day (lGiorno dei Grilli') the people go out to the Cascine before
daybreak, breakfast on the grass, and amuse themselves till evening. —
In the oíd quarters the inhabitants of each street celébrate the day of their
patron-saint with music and fireworks. — According to an ancient custom
the Fioritaper Savonarola takes place on May 23rd, when the spot on which
the stake was erected (p. 474) is strewn with flowers. — At the Festa
dello Stututo, on the first Sunday in June, there are a parade in the Cascine
and an illumination of the Palazzo Vecchio after dark. — The Festival of
St. John on 24th June is observed by fireworks, etc. — On June 29th the
neighbouring villas are illuminated.
Flower Market. On Thurs. 8-2 in the Mercato Nuovo (p. 475). — Prin¬
cipal market in the Mercato Céntrale (p. 529).
Diary. Churches generally open the whole day, except from 12.30 to 2 or
3 p.m.; the Cathedral and the church of Santissima Annunziata (p. 510)
are open all day. — Collections belonging to government are closed on
public holidays, which include the last Sun. during the Carnival, June 24th
(the festival of San Giovanni Patrono), June 29th (the festival of SS. Peter
and Paul), and Sept. 20th, besides those mentioned on p. xxiv. Artists, etc.,