450 Route 63. PISTOIA. From Pisa
May-Nov.), which have been in use since the 14th century. Two of
the bathing-establishments, the Terme Leopoldine and the Stábili¬
mento del Tettuccio, and the park (Parco Regio) date from the time
of Leopold I. (ca. 1727); the Stábilimento della Fortuna, the
Torretta, and other bathing-establishments are more modern. —
In summer a cable-tramway ascends to the little town of Montecatini
di Val di Nievole (1180 ft.; Alb. l'Appennino; Alb. Quisisana,
etc.), near which Uguccione della Faggiuola (p. 442) defeated the
Florentines in 1315. The oíd castle was pulled down in 1554 with
the exception of one tower.
34 M. Pieve Monsummano, the station for Monsummano (Alb..
La Pace, unpretending), a little town at the W. base of the Monte
di Monsummano (1115 ft.; crowned by a ruined castle), the most
northerly spur of the chain of the Monte Albano. It contains a
monument to Giuseppe Giusti (1809-50), the satirist, a native of the
place. In the Parish Church are an altar-piece and frescoes by Giov.
da San Giovanni. On the E. slope of the mountain, 2 M. from the
station (carr. 2-3 fr.), lies the Grotta di Monsummano or Grotta Giusti
(260 ft.; 328 yds. long, 13 yds. wide), with hot vapour, discovered
in 1849, famous for tbe cures of rheumatism and gout which it has
effected. Season, March-Oct. (bath 2-3 fr.). Alb. Reale Vittorio
Emanuele, at the entrance to the grotto, with steam-heating, R. 2-10,
B. ll/2, déj. 3, D. 5, pens. 7-20, omn. li/2 fr-; near it is the plainer
dépendance Hót. Verdi.
About 3 M. to tbe S.E. of Monsummano and I72 M. to the S. of the
grotto lies the village of Montevettolini, with the Villa Medicea (now Borghes-),
a castle converted in the 16-17lh cent, into a ducal country residence. The
neighbouring Belvedere (1615 ft.) afforda a fine view of íhe valley of the ííie-
vole and the valley of the Arno aa far as Florence.
We now pierce the Monte Albano chain by a tunnel and reach
(38!/2 M.) Serravalle, which was an important frontier-fortress during
the wars between Lucca and Pistoia. — 41i/2 M. Pistoia.
Pistoia. — Hotels. 'Albergo del Globo (Pl. a; B, 3), Piazza Ciño,
with trattoria and caffé, R. 272-3, omn. V2 fr.; Albergo k Trattoria
Rossini (Pl. b; C, 3), Vis Cavour, unpretending bul good. — Trattoria la
Toscana, Via Curtatone 930; Railwuy Restaurant. — Wine and beer at Gian-
nini's, outside the Porta Barriera (Pl. B, 4).
Post Office in the Piazza Ciño (Pl. B, 3).
Cab with one horse 60, with two horses 80 c. per drive-, lst hour
1 fr. 40 or 1 fr. 70 c, each additional hour 1 fr. or 1 fr. 30 c.
Principal Attractions (i/s-1 day). San Giovanni Fuorcivitas; Cathedral;
Baptistery; Ospedale del Ceppo; Sant' Andrea; Madonna dell' Umiltá.
Pistoia (210 ft.), a pleasant little town with 13,400 inhab., is
situated at the N. end of a longitudinal valley of the Apennines' in
the vicinity of the Ombrone, a small tributary of the Arno at the
junction of the Leghorn-Florence and Bologna-Florence'(R 57)
railway-lines. It has broad, well-built streets, and important manu-
factories of guns and iron-ware. Pistols are said to have been in-
vented at Pistoia, and thence to derive their ñame.