438 Route 61. LEGHORN.
(30c). — 3. Piazza Vitt. Emanuele-Via Larderel-Barriera Vitt. Emanuele
(Pl. E, 2)-Acque della Salute.
Cabs. To or from the station 1, at night l1/* ti., trunk 40, hand-bag
10 c.; per drive in the town 1 fr., at night 1 fr. 20 c.; per hr. 1 fr. 50 c,
each additional l/2 hr. 75 c, at night 2 or 1 fr. Night-fares are charged
between one hour after sunaet and 5 or (from lat Oct. to 31at March) 6 a.m.
Sea Baths (with restaurant3, caféa, and view-terraces): "Stábilimento
Pancaldi, Scoglio della Rejina, Ferrari, Bugr.i Trolta, all in the Viale Regina
Margherita (Pl. B, 3-7), Ardenza, Antignano, and others.
Steamers. Navigazione Genérale (office, Piaz?a Micheli, at the harbour)
to Spezia, Genoa, Bastía, etc. — Compagnie Francaise de Navigution (agent,
Frat. Gondrand, see below) to Bastía. — Landing or embarking at the
Porto Nuovo, 1, with luggage Ufa fr.; at the Porto Vecchio, 72 or 1 fr.
Theatres. Teulro Goldoni (Pl. 36; D, 2); Politeama Livornese (Pl. 40;
C, 2), etc. — Edén (Pl. 41; A, B, 4), a popular evening-resort, in summer
only, with an open-air theatre, roller-skating-rink, etc.
American Cónsul. Mr. James A. Smith. — British Vice-Consul. Mr.
Bankers. Banca Commerciale Italiana, Via Cairoli 8; Banca Tirrena,
Via Vitt. Emanuele 19; Saúl Salmón e Figlio, same street, No. 4.—Money
Changer: Gerbi, Via Vitt. Emanuele 28. — Goods Agents. Fratelli Gon¬
drand, Via del Porticciolo; Bonenfant, Via degli Avvalorati.
Physicians. Dr. Pellegrini, Piazza dei Legnami 3; Dr. Cassuto, Piazza
Magenta 9 (both speak English). — Dentist. Mr. W. E. Barnes (Amer.),
Via degli Scali degli Olandesi 2. — Druggist: Ces. Jacchia, Piazza Cavour.
English Church (Pl. 14; C, 3), Via degli Elisi 9; services at 11, 3, and 6.
Chaplain, Rev. Ernesl Lloyd Gardner, Villa Inglese. — Scottish Church (Pl. 16;
C, 3j, Via degli Elisi 3»(at 11); minister, Rev. R. M. Robertson, Via Maggi 1.
Leghorn (Ital. Livorno, French Livourne), which was a very
insigniflcant place in the 16th cent, (in 1551 only 749 inhab.), now
the capital of a province, the seat of the Royal Marine Academy,
and the most important commercial place in Italy after Genoa, is
indebted for its size and importance to the Medici, who invited
hither the oppressed and discontented from all parts of the con-
tinent, as, for example Román Catholics from England, Jews and
Moors from Spain and Portugal, and merchants from Marseilles, who
were anxious to escape from the perils of civil war. Montesquieu
consequently calis Leghorn 'the masterpieee of the dynasty of the
Medici'. The town is uncompromisingly modern and has no import¬
ant monuments of art. The population amounts to 78,300 (many
Jews), exclusive of a fluctuating sea-faring community of fully
3000. Leghorn carries on a brisk trade with the Levant in cotton,
wool, and raw silk, and with the Black Sea in grain and petrol-
eum. The mo3t important industrial establishments are the ship-
building yards (Cantiere Orlando, p. 439, etc.), the Societa Me-
tallurgica Italiana (a large iron-foundry), the large glass-works in
Torretta (the N. suburb), the porcelain-factories, and the oil-
mills. The town is intersected by cañáis, and connected by the Fosso
d'Amo, a navigable canal, with the Arno, which flows into the Me¬
diterranean 9 M. to the N.
To obtain a rapid survey of the town, the following route may
be followed. From the station (Pl. D, 1) we follow the Via Palestro
and the Via Garibaldi, which runs past the Piazza Garibaldi to the
Piazza Cáelo Albebto (Pl. D, 2), adorned with colossal Statues of