60. Route. 437
Rossore, a farm founded by the Medici, with fine plantations of pinea and
oaks, now a royal shooting-lodge (generally accessible with permesso only).
Dromedaries and wild swine are kept here for breeding. — On the coast,
about IV2 M. farther on, lies Gombo, with a royal cháteau, commanding a
beautiful view. The poet Shelley was drowned here on 7th July, 1822. His
remains were afterwards burned in presence of Byron, Leigh Hunt, and
Trelawney, and the ashea deposited near the pyramid of Cestiua at Rome.
An interesting excursión may be made to (8 M.) Marina (steam-tramway
see p. 426). The chief interoaediate station on the steam-tramway, which
follows the highroad, ahaded with plane-trees, skirting the S. bank of the
Arno, is (31 2 M) San Piero, whence we may visit the Cascine Nuove di San
Rossore (73 M. to the N , on the opposite side of the river) and the ancient
basifica of i!San Piero a Grado, occupying the spot, according to tradition,
where St. Peter first landed in Italy. It was formerly much frequented as
a pilgrimage-church. The W. apse is a relie of the earliest, church (before
420), while the E. apse dates from the beginning of the l2th (Y) century. The
interior contains beautiful aotique co'unmi and fadedfreícoes (Uthcent),
with scenes tromthe Uves of S á. Peter and Paul and ancient portraits of popes.
The ancient estuary of the Arno, with the harbour of Pisa, must once have
been at this spot, before íhe present coast, was formed by alluvial deposita.
— The aimple but riaing bathing-resorl of Marina di Pisa or Bocea d'Arno
(Hdlel Ascani, pens. in summer 7, in winter 5 fr.; Pens. Ghilli, 6-7 ir.; Pens.
Marchioimii lies near the mouth of the Arno, with a beautiful pine-forest.
The Aore is delightfully sandy but steep. Fine view of leghorn and the
island of Gorgona.
The Monti Pisani, a range of hills to the E., are very picturesque. In
íhe Valle dei Calci (steam-tramway to Calci, aee p. 426) lies the Certosa, or
the Carthusi.in Abbey, a fine Gothic structure of l$bl, with church and
cloisters, restored in 1814 (adm. 50 c). Round it are grovea of olives; and
above it risea La Verruca (18S0 ft.), with ruins of a castle of the 15th cent.,
commanding a delightful prospect. — The excursión may be continued from
the Verruca to the N. to Monte Pruno (2855 ft.) and Monte. Serra (3010 ft.),
the highest summit of the Monti Pisani, and íhence down viá Colle di
Compito to Lucca (p. 442). — Extensive views are also commanded by
the Monte Faetu (2¡20ft.) and the Spuntone di Sant' Allago (^840 ft.), which
is ascended in 3-4 hrs. viá Asciano (to which a carriage should be taken).
61. From Pisa to Leghorn.
H72 M. Railwat in 73-72 hr. (fares 2 fr. 25, 1 fr. 55 c, 1 fr.; express 2 fr.
45, 1 fr. 70, 1 fr. 15 c).
The Leghorn line diverges to the S.W. from the line to Genoa
and Lucca and traverses the coast-plain, among fertile meadow-
land intersected by cañáis and occasionally relieved by woods. —
Beyond (6 M.) Tombolo we cross the Arno Canal (p. 438).
IIV2 M. Leghorn. — Hotels. In the Viale Regina Margherita, ca.
274 M. from the station, suited for a lengthened stay: 'Palace Hotel
(Pl. a;B, 4), a high-claas Italian establishment with every comfort, R. 4-6,
B. I72, déj. 372, D. 5, pens. 8-10 fr.; Grand Hotel (Pl. b; B, 4), R. from
372, B. I72, déj. 3, D. 5, pens. from 9, omn. 1 fr., lift and steam-healiDg
at both. — In the Via Vittorio Emanuele (Pl. C, 2), with restaurants:
*HSt. d'Angleterre Campari, with lift, R. from 3, B. 1, omn. 1 fr.; *H6t.
Giappone, with lift, R. 3 fr., omn. 80 c; Hót. de France ; Alb. Falcone.
Cafés. Vittoria, Piazza Vitt. Emanuele; Retazzi, Via Cairoli.
Post & Telegraph Office (Pl. 23; D, 2), at the comer of the Via Vitt.
Emanuele and Piazza Cario Alberto.
Electric Tramways. 1. Station (Pl. D, 1)-Piazza Vitt. Emanuele (Pl. C,2>
Viale Regina Margherita (Pl. B, 3-7)-Ardenza (Pl. C, T)-Antignano. — 2.
Piazza Vitt. Emanuele-Fiazza Cavour-Via Roma (Pl. C, D, 3-5)-Montenero